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Geoff Emerick and the Studio: Tock music as the expression of the “electric generation”o“Layering the cake” (George Martin’s expression): layer rhythms, instruments, and taped sounds onto the basic rhythm track of a song (so that MIXING becomes a key aspect of composing a song)oSurrealism: visual or aural montages that reflect a hyper-real or beyond the real world of dreams, fantasies, and messages from the unconscious oAutomatism: writing poetry or music as an automatic reflex; trying to channel creative work and communicate it without th reationalizing or controlling function of the egooMotown/oCrossover between Avant-garde and Pop: had not happened beforeMen and MachinesReording Techniques on Revolver:oSweater in bass drumoBass drum microphones closer to drumoSound put through Fairchild 600 valve limiters and compressors (reduces volume)oArtificial double trackingoBass amplified according to Motown methodsoVarispeed technique (vary speed of taped sounds)Leslie Rotating SpeakeroDirectional sound source is rotated at constant speed around a fixed pivotal pointTaxmanHere, There and Everywhere
oPaul sings like Marianne FaithfulloTypical Beatles song (reminiscent of beatlemania song with a psychedelic twist)11/8/10The Summer of Love, 1967Strawberry Fields Forever and Penny Lane, DOUBLE A SIDED singleoBoth well produced, couldn’t decide which would be a side and which would be the b side, so made both ASgt. PepperoEverything is exaggerated, crazyoHeight of career at this pointoThey were huge forces in the music worlfCounterculture- a subculture that develops countering “the system”; countering established cultureoCreate alternative to dominant cultureMonterey Pop FestivaloSame month as Sgt. PepperoFIRST festival tat brought together all of the faces of the youth movement (Hendrix, Beatles, Joplin, Grateful Dead, the Who, etc)Transcending genres- all not related by genre, but came together to support countercultureoBeatles draw souveneir bookThey weren’t there, but still center of the movementOnce removed, not directly involved, but still at the center of the entire counterculture developing at this timeThe CountercultureoPaul was actually mainly involed in political activismoJohn got most of the credit for itBut Paul wrote letters and did all sorts of thingsoUnderground newspaperSan Francisco Oracle, 1966oPop crosses over, starts to have value of classical musico“The Carival of Light Rave”an event held at the Roundhouse Theater 1/28 and 2/4, 1967Beatles crossing over into avant-gardeWrote a 13 min avant-garde piece for the eventSurrealism: Salvidor Dali
oSg.t Pepper has huge surrealist influenceoLots of surrealism in the album- real vs. not real vs. fantasy vs.