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A:1.Itmustcontainalltheessentialrequisites of a contract2.It must not be contrary to law, morals,good customs, public order, and publicpolicyQ: What is compliance in good faith ?A:It is performancein accordancewith thestipulation, clauses, terms and conditions of thecontract.Note:The contract is the law between the parties.
USTGOLDEN NOTES 2011 Q: May a party unilaterally evade his obligationin the contract?A:GR:Neither party may unilaterally evade hisobligation in the contract.XPNs:Unilateral evasion is allowed when the:1.contract authorizes such evasion2.other party assents theretoQ: Is there a limitation on the right of the partiesto freely enter into stipulations?A:Yes.Partiesmayfreelyenterintoanystipulationsprovidedsuch are not contrary tolaw, morals, good customs, public order or publicpolicyQ:Whatgovernsobligationsarisingfromcontracts?A:GR:Theseobligationsshallbegovernedprimarily by the stipulations, clauses, termsand conditions of the parties agreements.XPN:Contractswithprestationsthatareunconscionable or unreasonable.Note:In case of unconscionable penalty forbreach of contract(Art. 1229, NCC), or liquidateddamages(Art. 2226, NCC), the same may bereduced by the court.(Pineda, Obligations andContracts, p.13, 2000 ed)CIVILLAWTEAM:ADVISER:ATTY. ELMERT. RABUYA;SUBJECTHEAD:ALFREDOB. DIMAFELIXII;ASST. SUBJECTHEADS:KARENFELIZG. SUPNAD, LAMBERTOL. SANTOSIII;MEMBERS:PAULELBERTE. AMON, ALSTONANARNA, OZANJ.FULLEROS, CECILIOM. JIMENO, JR., ISMAELSARANGAYA, JR.;CONTRIBUTORS:LOISERAEG. NAVAL, MONICAJUCOMC. OBLIGATION EX QUASICONTRACTUQ: What is quasicontract?A:It is a juridical relation arising fromlawful,voluntaryandunilateralactsbasedontheprinciplethatnooneshouldunjustlyenrichhimself at the expense of another.Q: What is presumptive consent?A:Since a quasicontract is a unilateral contractcreated by the sole act or acts of the gestor, thereis no express consent given by the other party.The consent needed in a contract is provided bylaw through presumption.(Pineda, Obligationsand Contracts, p. 15, 2000 ed)Q:Whataretheprincipalformsofquasicontracts?A:1.Negotioriumgestio(inofficiousmanager)ariseswhenapersonvoluntarilytakeschargeofthemanagementofthebusinessorproperty of another without any powerfrom the latter.2.Solutioindebiti(unjustenrichment)takes placewhen a person receivessomething from another without anyright to demand for it, and the thingwas unduly delivered to him throughmistake.Note:The delivery must not be through liberality orsome other cause.NEGOTIORUM GESTIOQ: Upon the declaration of martial rule in thePhilippines,X,togetherwithhiswifeandchildren, disappeared from his residence alongErmita, Manila. Years passed without Y hearingfrom X and his family. Y continued taking care ofX s house, even causing minor repairs to be doneat his house to preserve it. In 1976, whenbusinessbegantoperkupinthearea,Z,approached Y and proposed that they build