Pinakabantog si padre pedro pelaez sa mga paring

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Pinakabantog si Padre Pedro Pelaez sa mga paring Filipino na ipinaglaban ang sekularisasyon ng mga simbahan sa Filipinas o ang pagbibigay ng karapatan sa mga katutubo na mangasiwa at magpatakbo ng simbahan. Nang mamatay siyá sa lindol noong 1863, ipinagpatuloy ni Padre Jose Burgos ang adhikang sekularisasyon. Pinaghinalaan siyáng pasimuno ng pag-aalsa sa Cavite noong 1872 at binitay kasáma sina Mariano Gomez at Jacinto Zamora noong Pebrero 1872. Sa ekonomiya, unti-unting huminà ang Kalakalang Galeon ng Maynila at ng Acapulco, Mexico noong siglo 18. Nang magbukás ang Kanal Suez noong Nobyembre 1869, napadalî ang kalakalan ng Filipinas at España. Binuksan din ang ilang daungan sa Pangasinan, Iloilo, Zamboanga, Cebu, Legazpi, at Tacloban. Nagbunsod ang inter-aksiyon na ito ng mabilisan at malawakang paglaganap ng mga kaisipang liberal mula Europa tungong Filipinas. Sa pamamagitan ng pinabilis na paglalakbay sa dagat, nagkaroon ng pagkakataon ang mga Filipino na makapag-aral sa Europa kung kayâ nasimsim nilá ang kaisipang liberal mula sa Panahon ng Kaliwanagan ( Age of Enlightenment ) at Rebolusyong French. Sa pamamagitan ng panulat nina Marcelo H. del Pilar,
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