tions. Corn must be kept in cool areas to avoid water and humidity. When it comes to the actual distribution farmers have a few options. Some farmers chose to sell their products (corn) directly to the end consumer because they are able to get better profit (Arumugam and Ibrahim 5). The other option they have is to go through a middle man. The farmer will sometimes sell their prod- ucts to middle men who then sell it to retailers. After, the retailers sell it to the end consumer (Arumugam and Ibrahim 5). In the end corn can be distributed multiple ways to different con- sumers whether that be local or far. Economic Value According to the 2017 State Agriculture Overview for California report put out by the United States Department of Agriculture, it is estimated that California had planted around 430,000 acres of corn; 80,000 acres were for corn grain and 345,000 were for corn silage. From the 80,000 acres of corn grain, approximately 167 bushel units were harvested from each acre which totals to about 13.36 million bushel units all together. According to the Crop Value 2017 Sum- mary also put out by the United States Department of Agriculture, the average price per bushel unit in California was $4.20 meaning that all the corn grain harvested was valued at around $56,11 million. The average price per bushel in the United States, however as of October 30, 2018 is about $3.64 according to the price trend on MarketInsiders.com. From the 345,000 acres of corn silage, approximately 26.5 tons were harvested per Acre totaling to about 9.14 million tons altogether. According to a 2015 study done by UC Davis titled Silage Corn Conservation
6 Tillage , the average price per ton for corn silage was around $48.00 which means that the total value of corn silage harvested by California could be equated to approximately $438.86 million dollars worth. Prominent districts that contribute to corn production in California in 2017 include Sacramento Valley which includes Glenn, Sacramento, Solano, Sutter and Yolo counties and the San Joaquin Valley which includes Fresno, Kern, Merced and San Joaquin County. According to the 2016- 2017 California Corn County Estimates, approximately 40,000 acres of the corn grain that was harvested came from the San Joaquin Valley and the other 40,000 acres came from smaller dis- tricts around California. According to grains.org it is estimated that 13% of the all the corn pro- duced in the United States is exported which accounts for 32.6% of the total corn exports in the world. According to worldstopexports.com ,approximately 1.925 billion bushels of corn were ex- ported by the US last year to countries such as Mexico, Japan, South Korea, Columbia and etc. The revenue brought in was totaled to around $9.6 billion dollars meaning that the per unit cost for bushels was around $5.00.
7 Work Cited Adam , A. (Jan 2018), Corn , retrieved from Arumugam, N., & Ibrahim B. R. (2015). An Exploration on Corn Industry Marketing Channels. 10, 10-20 Conca, J. (April 2014) Corn Ethanol Is Of No Use . Retrieved from - use/#3ee72aad67d3 Daniel Workman (2018) Corn Exports by Country, Denicoff, M., M. E. Prater, & P. Bahizi, (August 2014). Corn Transportation Profile. Pg. 1-13. doi:10.9752/ts090.08-2014 Jeff Mitchell, Karen Klonsky, Don Stewart (2015) SILAGE CORN CONSERVATION TILLAGE, UC Davis Meyer, S. (2004). Grain Transportation and Marketing Channels. Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute. Pg. 1-13. United States Department of Agriculture (2018) California Corn County Estimates , National Agricultural Statistics Service
8 United States Department of Agriculture (2018) 2017 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW, National Agricultural Statistics Service United States Department of Agriculture (2018) Crop Values 2017 Summary, National Agricultural Statistics Service (2018)
- Spring '08