Studies are often limited in their ability to capture

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 25

This preview shows page 12 - 14 out of 25 pages.

Studies are often limited in their ability to capture complexity, and it is likely that people may have experiences that fit multiple diagnostic categories, alongside other difficulties such as substance misuse, which may make identifying their specific needs (and the best course of intervention or support) more challenging. Brain Injury, Learning Disability and Autism Sleeping rough or living in temporary accommodation also brings a greater likelihood of brain injury, undiagnosed learning disability or autism. Brain Injury Being homeless has been linked to high rates of traumatic head injury, and research suggests that roughly half of all homeless people may have had a traumatic brain injury at some stage. 9 These injuries are often related to combat, alcohol misuse, or physical assaults. The impact of undiagnosed brain injuries (and dementia) is that behaviour may be misunderstood and people may be excluded or evicted from services. 10 Autism The link between autism and rough sleeping is a relatively unexplored topic. There have been a few small studies; research by the Welsh Government found that 12% of people sleeping rough were on the autistic spectrum, while a small study in Devon identified 9 of 14 people sleeping rough long term could be classified as such. 11 We know that around 1% of the general population falls somewhere on the spectrum, and the figure is likely to be significantly higher in the homeless population. People experiencing autism may have difficulties in how they relate to support staff, other residents and mental health services. 6 Maguire et al, 2009 7 8 Cockersell, 2011 9 McMillan, 2015 10 11
Image of page 12
Homeless Link Homelessness guidance for Mental Health Professionals 13 Homelessness, trauma and mental health There is strong and consistent evidence supporting an association between trauma and homelessness. 12 Homelessness is a traumatic experience in itself. People experiencing homelessness are under constant stress, unsure of whether they will be able to sleep in a safe environment or obtain a decent meal. Even if a person has temporary housing they often also struggle with the financial resources, life skills and social networks needed to change their circumstances. An overwhelming percentage of people without stable housing have been exposed to additional forms of trauma, including neglect, psychological abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse during childhood and throughout their lives. 13 Lankelly Chase Foundation (2015) found that 85% of those in touch with criminal justice, substance misuse and homelessness services have experienced trauma as children.
Image of page 13
Image of page 14

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 25 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Poverty, mental health professionals

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors