How is this known literary texts we have literary

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of the gods. How is this known? Literary texts! We have literary references to pillars,  stones, steely; they suggest some stones understood as houses of gods. Gen 28: example  of pillar being abode or home of deity c. Avner says when looking at instillations of standing stones: they’re arranged sometimes  in symmetry, random. Avner makes guess that broad/short represents goddess.  Tall/narrow represents god.  d. Triad of stones: kutchu is egypitan Asherah. Kutchu standing on a lion.  e. Pair of stones: tall, narrow one plus hsort round one = god and goddess. See drawing  on ;pithos A at Kuntillet ‘Ajrud of two standing figures, representing Yahweh and  Asherah  f. Note: how avner here interprets aniconic stones in light of iconic evidence.  3. Why did deut writers oppose the pillars? They are aniconic, abstract. So whats wrong with using  pillar to represent Yahweh.  4. Hurowitz and mettinger on two types of anoconism: a. Material aniconism: physical objects like unhewn stones, which visually represent deities  without the use of pictorial, human or animal images. The pillar cult in ancient Israel was  this type of aniconism.  b. Empty seat  aniconism. Arch is throne of God, He sits upon them. Physical object like  throne or pedestal, which represent a resting place for invisible God. The god is imagines  as siting of standing above pedestal. Denounce metarial aniconism: REJECT THAT  PHYSICAL GOD COULD LIVE INSIDE A PHYSICAL OBJECT. Deut authors like  empty seat aniconism. Represents throne or seat where invisible god seated.  c. According to hurowitz, some bib writers denounced the pillar cult (massebot) because  they rejected the idea that divinity cold inhere in physical objects  How does Avner know pillars represented gods or understand gods? He lad literary texts: texts that  people in antiquity understood pillars in this way. From bible best example is Gen 28. Set up a  masseboth: named the place House of God.  At Arad there was a temple: inner sactuary, the archaeologists found two pillars. Supposedly represent  Yahweh and Asherah. 
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Empty seat: ark of the covenant. Present ark as throne of Yahweh. So God itself invisible, icon is the  throne where he’s stationed. Biblical writers in time came to oppose material aniconism like pillars.  Material things to represent the God or the house of the God. Didn’t want to think divinity could live in  something physical.  CULT OF THE DEAD Bloch-smith an expert on ancient tombs, funerary practices, and cult of dead on Judah. Cult of the  ancestors. Archaeoligcal evidence for cult, A. Canaanite burial types during Iron age I a.
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  • Spring '08
  • Irvine,S
  • Archaeology, Cult, state cult, pillar cult, c. Avner, Judean pillar figurines, aniconism. Physical objects

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