While the brill building may have dominated the music

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While the Brill Building may have dominated the music industry, there were other sounds inthe industry.The Folk RevivalPhil Ochs (’40-’76) loved music from an early age. His father loved to wander, and Phil feltthe same (this was later identified as bipolar disorder). Though a classically trained musician,he idolized the rock stars of the days. He attended military school, then Ohio State University.He was very interested in left-wing politics, and moved to Greenwhich village, where heparticipated in the highly active and political folk music scene.The Kingston Trio, of the ‘50s and ‘60s, were a huge hit. They were the “safe”, non-controversial musicians. Other folk bands, however, did exactly the opposite. Folk music wasknown for its radical leftist, often communist, political views.Pete Seager and Woody Guthrie were members of a bandThe Weavers. The entertainmentindustry was hit hard by a “witch hunt” for communist influences on society. They ended upon a government blacklist, and were unable to find work. Pete Seager, however, acted as amentor for the young artists moving into Greenwich Village.This was the world Phil Ochs stepped into. Many of the largest acts of the days were there,playing in small cafes. Phil rented a room in a building with many other folk singers. He spentall day writing and performing, and read and researched current affairs in depth. He sawhimself as a “musical journalist”, and got most of his material from current affairs. He sangabout many different subjects, including the military-industrial complex, racial issues, andinequality. Though he never achieved great fame, he did manage to achieve success amongthe folk music community.
Bob Dylan was a friend of Phil’s, and achieved great success. He moved contrary to thetraditional folk music way, making use of an electric guitar. His song “Like a Rolling Stone”angered the old guard of American Folk Music. Dylan was very representative of the idealismof the Kennedy era. Kennedy was the first President born in the 20thcentury. Dylan’s musicwas nebulous enough that his “protest music” wasn’t as shocking. He participated in theMarch on Washington in August of ’63. He stayed away from protest performances after that.Greenwhich village went on to spawn a variety of different folk music acts, including Simonand Garfunkel. This musical revolution was much more melodic, and led to the creation ofmany sub-genres, including in rock.California Dreamin’Phil Spector (’40 - ) his father committed suicide when he was young. He formed a band withsome friends in high school. However, his performing talent was not his claim to fame. Hissuccess was as a producer.As a teenager, Phil hung out at Gold Star Studios. He was mentored by a producer there, whosaw great potential. He went on to start his own label, Philles Records, which recorded mostlyfemale groups.

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