Nullification Crisis - political crisis in 1832–33, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, which involved a confrontation between the state of South Carolina and the federal government. Force Bill – 1833, legislation sparked by the nullification crisis in South Carolina that authorized the president’s use of the army to compel states to comply with federal law Great American Desert – area west of the Mississippi River, in what would become Oklahoma. Indian Removal Act – 1830, law permitting the forced relocation of Indians to federal lands west of the Mississippi River in exchange for the land they occupied in the East and South. Black Hawk War – Black Hawk led natives to reclaim the Illinois Territory after the Indian Removal Act was passed, the US army mobilized against them and massacred almost all of them. Osceola – the leader of the Seminoles in FL, led the strongest native resistance against US forces, fought guerilla warfare in the Everglades, until he was captured, imprisoned, and left to die. Trail of Tears – 1838-1839, the Cherokees’ 800 mile journey form the southern Appalachians to Indian Territory Eastern Band of Cherokees – a Cherokees that held out in the mountains and acquired title to federal land in NC. Censure - a formal statement of disapproval, the senate, led by Henry Clay, censured Jackson for transferring the government’s deposits to pet banks. Distribution Act – 1836, Law requiring distribution of the federal budget surplus to the states, creating chaos among unregulated state banks dependent on such federal funds.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall