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Stationary blood clot that forms along the wall of

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Stationary blood clot that formsAlong the wall of blood vessel or within the heart where it may obstructblood flowIn deep veins of the legs or pelvis when blood flow is sluggishoEmbolism:Blockage of a blood vessel (often a thrombus that breaks free), floatsthrough the circulatory system and lodges in a small vessel, where it canblock blood flow and cause tissue death beyond that pointoTreatments for blood clotsoBlood thinning drugs(warfarin and heparin)oClot dissolving drugs (tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA))Describing problems with blood vessels, including high blood pressure (hypertension),aneurysms, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. In addition, describe theirassociated treatments, including lifestyle changesoBlood pressureBlood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of thevesselsSystolicvalue is the pressure when the heart is contractingDiastolicvalue is the pressure when the heart is relaxingoHypertension(high blood pressure)Silent killerNo symptomsCan cause fata problem such as:Heart is made to work harder, so enlargesKidneys in response to reduced blood flow, release renin, whichfurther increases blood pressureBlood vesselsTreatmentMost physicians consider a blood pressure of 160/90 mm Hg to behigh and to require treatment
Lifestyle changesMedicationoDiuretics to reduce blood volumeoDrugs that cause blood vessels to dilateoAneurysmA permanent distention in an artery wall caused by the pressure of theblood flowing past a weakened area of that wallWhen the wall of an artery becomes weakened, the pressure of the bloodflowing through it may cause swelling outward like a balloon, forming ananeurysmCaused by disease, inflammation, injury or a congenital defectCommon locations includeoArteries in the brainoThe aorta, the major artery leaving the left ventricle thatcarries the blood to the bodyAn aneurysm does not always cause symptoms, but it can be threateningThe primary risk is that it will burst, causing blood lose anddepriving tissues of oxygen and nutrients, a situation that can befatalEven if it does not rupture, it can cause life-threatening blood clotsto formCan be detected with either an MRI or ultra-soundTreatment includes surgical removal or applying support with acoil or a stentoAtherosclerosisA low-level inflammatory response in the wall of an artery, is associatedwith the formation of fat-filled plaquesBuildup of fatty deposits in the walls of arteriesFueled by an inflammatory responseLDL accumulation also further stimulates body’s defense systemMay narrow the artery, which reduces blood flowoCan be fatal if this occurs in the heart (heart attack) or inthe brain (stroke)Cholesterol levelsTotal cholesterol: less than 200mg/dlLDL (bad): less than 100mg/dlHDL (good): 60mg/dlTreatmentHealthy lifestyleoControl weightoEngage in regular aerobic exerciseoEat a heart-healthy dietMedications
oTo lower blood pressureo

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