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For most individuals achieving a healthy eating

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For most individuals, achieving a healthyeating pattern will require changes infood and beverage choices. This editionof theDietary Guidelinesfocusesonshiftsto emphasize the need tomake substitutions—that is, choosingnutrient-dense foods and beverages inplace of less healthy choices—ratherthan increasing intake overall. Mostindividuals would beneft from shiftingfood choices both within and across foodgroups. Some needed shifts are minorand can be accomplished by makingsimple substitutions, while others willrequire greater effort to accomplish.Although individuals ultimately decidewhat and how much to consume, theirpersonal relationships; the settings inwhich they live, work, and shop; andother contextual factors strongly infuencetheir choices. Concerted efforts amonghealth professionals, communities,businesses and industries, organizations,governments, and other segments ofsociety are needed to support individualsand families in making dietary andphysical activity choices that align withtheDietary Guidelines. Everyone has arole, and these efforts, in combinationand over time, have the potential tomeaningfully improve the health ofcurrent and future generations.Page xiv— 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for AmericansIntroduction
Figure ES-1.2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americansat a GlanceThe2015-2020 Dietary Guidelinesfocuses on the big picture with recommendations to help Americans make choices thatadd up to an overall healthy eating pattern. To build a healthy eating pattern, combine healthy choices from across all foodgroups—while paying attention to calorie limits, too. Check out the 5 Guidelines that encourage healthy eating patterns:1Follow a healthyeating pattern acrossthe lifespan.All foodand beverage choicesmatter. Choose a healthyeating pattern at anappropriate calorielevel to help achieveand maintain a healthybody weight, supportnutrient adequacy,and reduce the riskof chronic disease.Follow a healthy eating pattern over time to help support ahealthy body weight and reduce the risk of chronic disease.A Healthy Eating Pattern Includes:FruitsProteinDairyOilsVegetablesA Healthy Eating Pattern Limits:Saturated Fats&TransFatsSodiumAdded Sugars2Focus on variety,nutrient density, andamount.To meetnutrient needs withincalorie limits, choosea variety of nutrient-dense foods across andwithin all food groups inrecommended amounts.Choose a variety of nutrient-dense foods from eachfood group in recommended amounts.Example Meal:2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for AmericansIntroduction —Page xvLettuce& CeleryApples& GrapesChicken Breast& UnsaltedWalnutsWhole-GrainBreadFat-Free MilkMayonnaiseVegetablesFruitsProteinDairyOils
Figure ES-1.(continued...)2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americansat a GlanceThe2015-2020 Dietary Guidelinesfocuses on the big picture with recommendations to help Americans make choices thatadd up to an overall healthy eating pattern. To build a healthy eating pattern, combine healthy choices from across all foodgroups—while paying attention to calorie limits, too. Check out the 5 Guidelines that encourage healthy eating patterns:3Limit calories fromadded sugars andsaturated fats andreduce sodium intake.

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Term
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Nutrition, Test, Each Food Group

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