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Maslow’s needs theory Maslow needs theory is effective for influencing the behaviour of employees in Ryanair.According to this theory, the basic needs of employees are met when they become motivatedin achieving higher level requirements or needs. The five levels are included in the hierarchy:Self-actualizationIt helps in developing the desires in the employees so that they can achieveeverything. Esteem It is the need for feeling confident or helps the employees in getting respect fromothers. Belonging/ love: This particular level helps in developing the relations among employees and alsohelps in bringing the change in the employees. SafetyIt includes financial and personal security as well as health or wellbeing of theemployees of the Ryanair. Physiological needs : The needs are required for an individual to survive including shelter, water and food. Vroom’s expectancy theory: 10
ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURThis theory presumed that the behaviours resulted from some conscious choices amongstalternatives (Zhen, 2017). The main purpose of these alternatives is to increase the pleasureor to decrease the pain. According to Vroom's expectancy theory, it has been observed thatthe performances of the employees are based on some individual factors which includeabilities, experience, knowledge, skills and personality. Besides these, Vroom stated that themotivation, performance and effort are connected in the motivation of a person. Moreover,the Vroom uses some variables such as Valence, Instrumentality and Expectancy. Vroom suggested that the valence, instrumentality and expectancy are associated with oneanother. Most of the employee group of the Ryanair considers that the employees will workhard more effectively as compared to the other employees in different airport basedorganizations (Owoseni et al. 2017). Vroom suggests that motivation, expectancy, instrumentality, and valence are related to oneanother on the basis of the equation: Valence+ Instrumentality + Expectancy = Motivation. It is essential for the Managers of the Ryanair to encourage staff for performingharder( expectancy), in the certainty that the success will definitely bring rewards such asopportunities of promotion ( Instrumentality) as well as that the rewards are worth having( that is Valence). Thus, it can be said that Vroom's expectancy theory is effective for influencing the behaviourof the employees of Ryanair. D1. Critically evaluate the relationship between culture, politics, power andmotivation that enables teams and organisations to succeed in providing justifiedrecommendations.Relationship between organizational culture and motivation:Motivation is the main element of organizational culture. Moreover, organizational cultureplays a vital role in a company and analyse how the individuals feel about their commitment,motivation level, work or job satisfaction. Individuals are considered as the main factors fororganizations and competitiveness as well as they can easily demonstrate the intricate social11
ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOURstructure as because they have cultural strength (Storey, 2016).