Meritocracy system in which those who are the most

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Meritocracy: system in which those who are the most “meritous” will rise to the top and those who are less so will sink to the bottomRule by those who deserve to ruleServing rewards from performance leads to low productivity (anti-Communist)Postmodernism
oPierre Bourdieu: social reproduction is the tendency of social classes to remain relatively stable as social class status is passed from one generation tothe nextoCultural Capital: children inherit tastes, habits, and expectations from their parents, and this capital either helps or hinders them as they become adultsShapes how others view a person (“fit in”)oThere is evidence that about half of all children will wind up with the same SES as their parents Symbolic InteractionismoSystems of inequality are constructed through everyday interactions (microsociology)David Sudnow (1972): split-second judgments about who people are and which social status they occupy based on appearanceAaron Cicourel (1972): make inferences about the status of others when we encounter them in different social situations of locationsErving Goffman (1956): presentation of self and one’s SES (“living room scale”)Key terms in the bookEssay questions25-30 multiply choice question – slides/videos¾ different theoretical approaches – which of these does marx fall underostructural functionalismosymbolic functionalismoconflictofeminismmanifest function/latent functiondifferent research methodsmaterial/nonmaterial cultureessay questionsoquiet rage- zimbardo prison experiment describe, findings, ethicsoRitzer- mcdonaldization – how society now runs like a fast food restaurant, the rationalization of society. 5 different aspects, name and describe and provide example of each, not from RitzeroSociological imagination, describe – private (trouble) vs public issues, how you put those lens on, and how you differentiate between the 2oWeber – “life chances” –where you are positioned socioeconomically it reflects where you are in life and where you will get to, specifically class- education, occupation, healthcare, penal system

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