Instruments used for assignment of umts spectrum

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Instruments used for assignment of UMTS spectrum: Eight administrations (Austria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) used auctions to assign UMTS spectrum, and eight further administrations (Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic and Sweden) have used or plan to use beauty contests; Poland and Switzerland, which indicated having used a combined approach, have used a beauty contest with a bid and an auction after a pre-selection on certain basic criteria, respectively, which is why they are not shown separately. Norway initially used a beauty contest and later on an auction for remaining frequencies. The Czech Republic also first used a beauty contest, but because it was unsuccessful, a sealed bid auction took place in a second attempt to assign the UMTS spectrum. Cyprus authorised UMTS spectrum in the same auction as GSM spectrum. Beauty contests In France some criteria other than the financial ones were deemed important by ART and the French Ministry of Industry, such as network size and roll-out timeframe, project consistency and credibility, business plan and service offering. Thus two beauty contests based on differently weighted general-interest criteria were issued: - the first beauty contest allowed to award UMTS licenses to Orange France and SFR ( UMTS licence awards published in the Gazette on 21 August 2001); - the second beauty contest allowed to award a UMTS license to Bouygues Telecom ( UMTS licence award published in the Gazette on 12 December 2002). - Three licenses were awarded among the four available. Hungary was planning a beauty contest for UMTS licences in 2004 because of the positive experience gained with that instrument for GSM licences. Ireland - as for GSM - used a selection procedure which was best suited to the Irish market. Poland chose the same combination of beauty contest with bid as for GSM, with a view to determining a winner of quality as well as receiving high revenues for the National Treasury.
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ECC REPORT 65 Page 15 In Portugal the decision to hold a beauty contest was taken after some market survey was carried out by a consultancy. In addition, Sweden mentioned the primary objectives pursued with the assignment via a beauty contest, which had been to provide end users with high quality services, affordable prices and connectivity throughout the whole country. This last factor has been the main reason for choosing beauty contest as assignment method since it enables the administration to put certain demands on the way infrastructure shall be built (not only densely populated areas). Auctions The reasons for choosing an auction (in short: transparency, objectivity, efficiency or determined by law) were similar to those cited for the auctioning of GSM licences. One important difference between GSM and UMTS assignments is the fact that some countries which had chosen beauty contests for GSM assignments moved to auctions for UMTS assignments.
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