A patient is prescribed dextromethorphan for

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17. A patient is prescribed dextromethorphan for treatment of cough. What instruction should the nurse give to the patient for safe administration of the drug? a. "Use a humidifier while sleeping." b. "Elevate your bed while sleeping." c. "Increase your fluid intake to 3000 mL per day." d. "Restrict activities that require mental alertness."
Rationale: 18. A patient is prescribed guaifenesin for treatment of productive cough. What instruction should the nurse give to the patient for maximum therapeutic effect?
Rationale: 19. For which adverse drug effect is the nurse alert in an older adult patient taking diphenhydramine?
Rationale:
Name:___________________________________ 7 20. A patient who takes several medications experiences a troublesome cough associated with allergic rhinitis. Which is the best choice of treatment to manage the cough?
Rationale: 21. Which is the most effective antitussive? a. Codeine b. Benzonatate c. Diphenhydramine d. Dextromethorphan
Rationale: 22. The nurse is caring for a patient who is taking a traditional antihistamine. What is the most important information for the nurse to teach the patient?
Rationale: 23. The nurse is assessing a toddler who is unconscious after consumption of over-the- counter cold medication. What other assessment findings should the nurse expect to see in this child? Select all that apply.
Rationale:
Name:___________________________________ 8 24. The nurse is teaching a patient about the use of an expectorant. What is the most important instruction for the nurse to include in the patient teaching?
Rationale: 25. A patient with a history of asthma is short of breath and says, “I feel like I’m having an asthma attack.” What is the nurse’s highest priority action? a. Calling a code b. Administering a beta2-adrenergic agonist c. Administering a long-acting glucocorticoid d. Asking the patient to describe the symptoms
Rationale:

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