feeling its force too intimately because its force is much too frightening. ○ Freud theorized that death is a biological drive which he referred to as the “death drive” ○ The “death drive” theory accounted for the alarming degree of self- destructive behavior Freud observed in examples ● The Meaning of Sexuality ○ Sexual behavior is a product of our culture because our culture sets down the rules of proper sexual conduct and the definitions of normal/abnormal sexual behavior ○ Society’s rules and definitions concerning sexuality form a large part of our superego. The word superego implies feeling guilty (even though some of the time we shouldn’t) because we are socially programmed to feel guilty when we break a social value (pre-marital sex, for example). ○ The superego is in direct opposition to the id (libido), the psychological reservoir of our instincts and libido, The id is devoted to gratifying all our prohibited desires (sex, power, amusement, food, etc.) ○ Because the id contains desires regulated or forbidden by social convention, the superego determines which desires the id will contain ○ The ego plays referee between the id and the superego ● How to Read a Text using Psychoanalysis ○ The job of the psychoanalytical critic is to see which concepts are operating in the text that will yield a meaningful psychoanalytic interpretation. ○ You might focus on work’s representation of oedipal dynamic o
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