100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 6 - 8 out of 23 pages.
Republican party of antebellum period (before Civil War) - Emerged in 1850s as response to Kansas-Nebraska act –major goal was to prevent spread of slavery but NOT abolish it.a.Abe Lincoln- His election directly led to secession-southerners angry that Northerners voted for him even though he wasn’t on the Southern ballot i.Said “this country cannot endure permanently half slave and half free”ii.Said he hates slavery but does not intend to abolish it.II.Civil War-advantages and how financeda.Union- Grant, Mclellan-generalsi.Used Anaconda plan- naval blockade, use Mississippi to divide southii.Had greater populationiii.Printing of paper money-“Legal Tender Act” established unified greenbacksiv.Had greater industryv.Tariffs on importsvi.income tax issuedb.Confederate- Had more military traditioni.Had large land and homefield advantageii.Printing of paper moneyiii.Jefferson Davis-president; Robert E. Lee- generalIII.Civil War-major events-1860-1865a.Trent Affair- Revealed uneasy relations with Britain-they held Confederates on their shipb.Battle of Antietam- Union victory (more like lack of Confederate one) Solidified that Britain andFrance would not enter on side of Confederates/ gave Lincoln motivation to issue Emancipation Proclamationc.Union Issued draft-led to draft riots in NY-immigrants and poor angry that they couldn’t afford tobuy away draft/also not sympathetic to blacksd.Emancipation Proclamation- i.Did not actually officially free slavesii.Declared that slaves in rebellion states (Confederacy) were now free.13thamendment- Is what officially ended slaveryIV.How Lincoln violated civil liberties:
a.Increased army without Congress’ approvalb.Goal was to keep the border states in the union by suppressing southern sympathyc.Restricted free speech/press against the governmentd.Intimidated democrats at the pollse.Suspension of writ of habeas corpusIV Reconstruction Lincoln-a.Freedman’s Bureau (happened in all reconstruction)b.Pocket vetoed Congress’ Wade Davis Bill which would have required 50% IRON clad oathc.10 percent plan-only 10 percent had to swear an oath.V: Presidential Reconstruction under Johnson-1865-1866a.10 percent plan-only 10 percent had to swear an oath.b.Plan pardoned many confederate leaders and allowed them back into powerc.President vetoed Civil Rights Bill and extension of Freedman’s Bureau-congress overrides veto for first time in historyd.Went around the south advocated that southerners NOT ratify 14thamendmentBlack codes occurred- Southern states enacted these -blacks couldn’t marry whites, transfer jobs, work certain jobs, serve on juries, testify, etc (NOT SEGREGATION Impeached for violating Tenure of Office Act (president cannot remove officials without Congress’ approval) ( but not removed from office)VI. Congressional (radical) Reconstruction-1867-1877 Were radical republicans who wanted full rights for blacks e.Freedman’s Bureau extendedf.Carpet bag governmentsg.Reconstruction Act 1867-divides south into 5 military districts, new constitutions needed, 14th