Republican party of antebellum period before Civil War Emerged in 1850s as

Republican party of antebellum period before civil

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Republican party of antebellum period (before Civil War) - Emerged in 1850s as response to Kansas- Nebraska act –major goal was to prevent spread of slavery but NOT abolish it. a. Abe Lincoln- His election directly led to secession-southerners angry that Northerners voted for him even though he wasn’t on the Southern ballot i. Said “this country cannot endure permanently half slave and half free” ii. Said he hates slavery but does not intend to abolish it. II. Civil War-advantages and how financed a. Union- Grant, Mclellan-generals i. Used Anaconda plan- naval blockade, use Mississippi to divide south ii. Had greater population iii. Printing of paper money-“Legal Tender Act” established unified greenbacks iv. Had greater industry v. Tariffs on imports vi. income tax issued b. Confederate- Had more military tradition i. Had large land and homefield advantage ii. Printing of paper money iii. Jefferson Davis-president; Robert E. Lee- general III. Civil War-major events-1860-1865 a. Trent Affair- Revealed uneasy relations with Britain-they held Confederates on their ship b. Battle of Antietam- Union victory (more like lack of Confederate one) Solidified that Britain and France would not enter on side of Confederates/ gave Lincoln motivation to issue Emancipation Proclamation c. Union Issued draft-led to draft riots in NY-immigrants and poor angry that they couldn’t afford to buy away draft/also not sympathetic to blacks d. Emancipation Proclamation- i. Did not actually officially free slaves ii. Declared that slaves in rebellion states (Confederacy) were now free. 13 th amendment- Is what officially ended slavery IV.How Lincoln violated civil liberties:
a. Increased army without Congress’ approval b. Goal was to keep the border states in the union by suppressing southern sympathy c. Restricted free speech/press against the government d. Intimidated democrats at the polls e. Suspension of writ of habeas corpus IV Reconstruction Lincoln- a. Freedman’s Bureau (happened in all reconstruction) b. Pocket vetoed Congress’ Wade Davis Bill which would have required 50% IRON clad oath c. 10 percent plan-only 10 percent had to swear an oath. V: Presidential Reconstruction under Johnson-1865-1866 a. 10 percent plan-only 10 percent had to swear an oath. b. Plan pardoned many confederate leaders and allowed them back into power c. President vetoed Civil Rights Bill and extension of Freedman’s Bureau-congress overrides veto for first time in history d. Went around the south advocated that southerners NOT ratify 14 th amendment Black codes occurred- Southern states enacted these -blacks couldn’t marry whites, transfer jobs, work certain jobs, serve on juries, testify, etc (NOT SEGREGATION Impeached for violating Tenure of Office Act (president cannot remove officials without Congress’ approval) ( but not removed from office) VI. Congressional (radical) Reconstruction-1867-1877 Were radical republicans who wanted full rights for blacks e. Freedman’s Bureau extended f. Carpet bag governments g. Reconstruction Act 1867-divides south into 5 military districts, new constitutions needed, 14 th

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