1.RegionWhat did UN coalition forces probably hopeto achieve by moving forces into southern Iraq? 2.MovementHow did the movements of coalitionground forces show that the intention of the coalition inthe Gulf War was ultimately defensive, not offensive?
one-half of the world’s known oil reserves, which wouldseverely threaten U.S. oil supplies. For several months, President Bush and Secretary ofState James Baker organized an international coalitionagainst Iraqi aggression. With the support of Congress andthe UN, President Bush launched Operation DesertStormto liberate Kuwait from Iraqi control. On January16, 1991, the United States and its allies staged a massive airassault against Iraq. On February 23, they launched a suc-cessful ground offensive from Saudi Arabia. On February 28,1991, President Bush announced a cease-fire. OperationDesert Storm was over. Kuwait was liberated.Millions of Americans turned out for the victory paradesthat greeted returning soldiers. After the debacle in Vietnam,they were thrilled the war was over, with fewer than 400casualties among UN coalition forces. (However, there weresubsequent reports that Gulf veterans were suffering fromdisabilities caused by chemicals used in the war.) By con-trast, Iraq had suffered an estimated 100,000 military andcivilian deaths. During the embargo that followed, manyIraqi children died from outbreaks of cholera, typhoid,enteritis, and other diseases.BUSH’S DOMESTIC POLICIES Despite his great achieve-ment in the Persian Gulf War, President Bush was not assuccessful on the domestic front. He was hurt by risingdeficits and a recession that began in 1990 and lastedthrough most of 1992. Bush was forced to raise taxesdespite his campaign pledge. His approval rating haddropped to 49 percent by 1992. The weak economy and thetax hike doomed Bush’s reelection campaign, and 12 years of Republican leader-ship came to an end.The Conservative Tide855•Mikhail Gorbachev•glasnost•perestroika•INF Treaty•Tiananmen Square•Sandinistas•Contras•Operation Desert Storm 1. TERMS & NAMES For each t er m or na m e, wri t e a sen t ence explainin g i t s m eanin g . MAIN IDEA 2. TAKING NOTES Use a char t like t he one below t o explain U.S. forei g n policy t oward world re g ions. Now wri t e a para g raph in which you describe a t rouble spo t in one of t hese re g ions. CRITICAL THINKING 3. ANALYZING CAUSES Wha t fac t ors caused t he end of t he Cold War? Think About: • even t s in t he Sovie t Union • even t s in Ger m any and Eas t ern Europe • how U.S. leaders responded t o t hose even t s 4. FORMING GENERALIZATIONS Wha t fac t ors do you t hink de t er m ined whe t her or no t t he Uni t ed S t a t es in t ervened m ili t arily in o t her na t ions?
- Spring '12
- Cold War, President Reagan