*Given the Espionage Act, the government said that these leaflets encourage obstruction of the draft. *Also said the defendants unlawfully used the mail to disseminate its leaflets.Buck v. Bell (1927)Supreme Court ruling that a state statute permitting compulsory sterilization of the unfit, including the intellectually disabled, "for the protection and health of the state" did not violate the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. This was also the test case for the forced sterilization and itsconstitutionality. The Great Migration 1910-1970Early 20th century movement of black people from the South to the North in search of a better life. Marcus Garvey, Garveyismmovement for African American independence and black self-reliance launched byMarcus GarveyMilitant activist1919 influenza epidemicflu epidemic killed between 20 & 40 mil people—turmoil in AmericaRed Scare, 1919-1920period of political intolerance and fear of communism inspired by the postwar strike wave and the social tensions and fears generated by the Russian RevolutionMitchell Palmer, convinced that strikes were part of the communist conspiracy, dispatched federal agents to raid offices of radical and labor organizations—abuse of civilliberties very severe—Palmer RaidsAmerican Civil Liberties Unionnonpartisan organization devoted to the preservation and extension of the basic rights set forth in the U.S. Constitution. directed toward three major areas of civil liberties: inquiry and expression, including freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion; equality before the law for everyone, regardless of race, nationality, sex, political opinion, or religious belief; and due process of law for all2nd Ku Klux Klanrevival of klan around 1915white protestant supremacists targeted everyone who wasn’t like them i.e. roman catholics, jews, african americans, other foreignerstheir movie Birth of a Nation expressed hatred and portrayed black men as beasts trying to rape white womengreatly influenced by The ClansmenResponsible for many of the scalpings and general violence done to black people in the south, most of which was ignored by the federal government.Economic diplomacy or Economic nationalismDiplomacy: advocating for state policies and decision making that benefits a particular nation’s economic interests; done through imports, exports, embargos, etcNationalism: body of policies that emphasize domestic control of goods, labor, and economy; imposition of tariffs, other restrictions on movement of goods.