Linus Pauling published an paper for the incorrect structure of DNA Watson and

Linus pauling published an paper for the incorrect

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Linus Pauling published an paper for the incorrect structure of DNA Watson and Crick eventually got it right Rosalind Franklin also gave some important info for x-ray crystallography but never got any real credit Pauline 1987 gave series of lectures at a university. He was beat out by crick and Watson on the structure of DNA – couldn’t get x-rays from Franklin VIDEO 3 The Journal of Chemical Society in 1843 was the 1 st peer-reviewed journal o Peer-reviewed = reviewed by experts in the field Types of Publications o Journals o Books o Reviews o Full Papers = complete description with all recipes and details of current findings o Notes = small observations of current findings, less important or urgent “Short full papers” o Communications = a short description of important and/or urgent current research findings Example – Watson and Crick’s Paper o Primary Literature are the latter 3 VIDEO 4 HOW does a paper become published (publication process also applies to peer- review process) o Researcher has an idea o Grant is secured o Time passes (perform research) o Finally a result o Time to publish (probably a communication) 10
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Some publications don’t deal with peer review not regarded highly by the scientific community Peer Review Process o Researcher (gathering samples, working in fume hood, etc.) o Researcher has to contend with editor (most researchers get published but not in their journal of choice) o Researcher has to contend with one or more referees (read and judge paper, do NOT re-do experiment) Referee sends comments to editor and then sends it to researcher to respond to comments that referee has made Paper then sent back to editor (maybe back to referee but not necessary) o Decision time for editor communicate the decision to the researcher o If successful, paper is published. o The identity of the referee is NEVER revealed to the researcher (blind) Peer review process 1. Researcher submits paper to journal 2. Editor reads paper and identifies Referee 3. Editor sends paper to Referee for review 4. Referee reviews the paper and sends it back to Editor with comments 5. Editor reviews comments from Referee 6. Editor makes a decision and sends a rejection notice to Researcher Rebuttal of criticism: Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-1981) won Noble prize for Krebs Cycle, paper was initially rejected The Extended Life of Research o Abstracts (about 4 sentences, original publication was 7 pages long ) o Textbook (a single sentence) VIEDO 5 Science Publications (about 1.8-1.9 million journals published per year) Archives originally done by punch cards or index cards (now computers) The vast majority of scientific papers that are published are honest efforts to report the facts “There is no sin in science more grievous than falsifying data” Fraud receives the most publicity in the science literature o Rare but does happen because competition is severe Different papers in the area of food science o Skipping breakfast causes you to gain weight – NOT true o
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