Pyruvate is produced in the cytoplasm*Deductive reasoning: a type of logic in which specific results are predicated for a general premise -General to specific Detoxification: physical process of freeing the body of an addictive substance Diploid: cell containing teo sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited from each parent -Somatic cells*Disulfide bridge: strong covalent bond formed when the sulfur of one cysteine monomer bonds to the sulfur of another cysteine monomer DNA: a double stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting of nucleotide nitrogenous base adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T)
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-Has anti-parallel structure*-Capable of being replicated and determining the inheritance structure of a cells proteins -G3P enzyme can unwind DNA strand-Watson and Crick discover the double helical -Hershey and Chase discovered it’s a transforming agent DNA polymerase: an enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA by the addition of nucleotides to the 3’ end of an existing chain -Lays down deoxyribonucleotides to a growing chain of DNA that requires primers -Important in replication*Endoplasmic reticulum: extensive membranous network in eukaryotic cells, continuous with the outer nucleur membrane and composed of ribosome studded (rough) and ribosome free (smooth regions) -Contiguous with nucleus; rough and smooth*Enzyme: a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that increases the rate of reaction without being consumed by the reaction -Mostly proteins Experimental Control: a predictable change in behavior can be reliably produced by the systematic manipulation of some aspect of the persons environment Fatty Acid: a carboxylic acid with a long carbon chain; vary in length and in the number and location of double bonds; three fatty acids linked to a glycerol molecule form a fat molecule alsoknown as a triacylglycerol -Organic acid that is contained in lipids, such as fats or oils -Fatty acids with no double bonds = saturated fat-Fatty acids with double bonds = unsaturated fat-Fatty acid linked to glycerol and phosphate found in membranes = phospholipid Glycolysis: a series of reactions that ultimately splits glucose into pyruvate -Serves as the starting point for fermentation or cellular respiration -Electron acceptor present in both glycolysis and the Kerbs cycle Haploid: cell containing only one set of chromosome (n)-Gametes are haploids*-Sperm*H-bond: chemical bond in which a hydrogen atom of one molecule is attracted to an electronegative atom, especially N, O, or F, usually of another molecule -Hold water molecules together*
Hemoglobin: an iron-containing protein in red-blood cells that reversibly binds oxygen -Polypeptide*Hemophilia: a human genetic disease caused by a sex-linked recessive allele resulting in the absence of one or more blood-clotting proteins-Sex-linked*Heterozygote: having two different alleles for a given geneHistone: small protein with a high proportion of positively charged amino acids that binds to thenegatively charged DNA and plays a key role in chromatin structure -Protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chromatin Homeostasis: the steady-state physiological condition of the body -
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