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TRUE17) Literacy tests offer a reliable basis on which one nation's educational level can be compared with another.FALSE18) Nations that invest in worker training programs are usually rewarded with an increase in productivity and a rise in income.TRUE19) Brain drain is the departure of highly educated people from one profession, geographic region, or nation to another. TRUE20) Cultures isolated by topographical barriers are characterized by slower cultural change.TRUE21) Material culture often displays uneven development across a nation's industries.
TRUE22) Businesspeople measure material culture to determine whether a market can support production activities.TRUE23) People in collectivistic cultures are given freedom to focus on personal goals. FALSE24) A culture with small power distance tends to be characterized by considerable inequality between superiors and subordinates. FALSE25) Cultures that score low on uncertainty avoidance tend to be less open to change and new ideas.FALSE26) Which of the following terms is defined as the set of values, beliefs, rules, and institutions held by a specific group of people?C) culture27) Ethnocentricity can be defined as the ________.D) belief that one's own ethnic group or culture is superior to that of others28) Detailed knowledge about a culture that enables people to work happily and effectively within it is called ________.A) cultural literacy29) Bob is a journalist who intends to spend the next five months exploring Konesia. In order to be able to fit in with the locals, he studies their culture in detail. He familiarizes himself with their tastes and preferences, takes note of their taboos, and memorizes many of their sayings and phrases. Which of the following terms best describes his actions?D) cultural literacy30) Which of the following is defined as a group of people who share a unique way of life within a larger, dominant culture?A) macrocultureB) subcultureC) cultural universalD) monocultureAnswer: BAACSB: Multicultural and diversity understandingSkill: ConceptObjective: 1Difficulty: EasyCourse LO: Explain how differences in culture affect the international business environment31) The Toro-Hessians are a minority group in the Margoza Archipelago, with a set of preferences, attitudes, and taboos, distinct from that of the national culture. Therefore, they are often overlooked when foreign businesses choose to customize their products for the inhabitants of the islands. The Toro-Hessian community is an example of ________.
A) cultural universalB) monocultureC) subcultureD) stratificationAnswer: CAACSB: Multicultural and diversity understandingSkill: ApplicationObjective: 1Difficulty: HardCourse LO: Explain how differences in culture affect the international business environment
32) Which of the following is a cultural component that implies gauging the beauty and appeal of artwork?