The number of same sex parents has dramatically increased Children of same sex

The number of same sex parents has dramatically

This preview shows page 5 - 8 out of 9 pages.

The number of same sex parents has dramatically increased -Children of same sex parents are not qualitatively different from children raised by heterosexual parents (AAP) Family dynamicsoHow family members interact
Background image
oSocialization- the process by which we acquire our values, standards of behavior, how we acquire skills/knowledge -Parents are direct instructors for early socialization, telling children “we don’t hit people” or “say thank you” -Indirect socialization: If a child is anxious about school and a parent decides to homeschool, they’re indirectly saying “you’re right school is scary”. So basically parents can reflect their sayings/values/morals onto children indirectly -Our parents manage our social experiences through direct and indirect instruction, but also through deciding on what we can be involved in (sports, friends) oDiscipline- a set of strategies and behaviors that parents use to teach their children how to behave appropriately -Discipline is effective when it:1. Effectively stops undesirable behavior 2. Teaches them how to engage in preferred behavior 3. Becomes internalized (leads to permanent change because they have accepted this behavior) oPunishments- A stimulus that follows a behavior that is designed to reduce the likelihood that the individual will engage in that behavior again oSpanking- We know from research that spanking does not result in long term improvements on children’s behavior -Teaches that when you’re upset with someone, it’s appropriate to hit them -Increases children’s risk for a range of negative outcomes -Linked with negative outcomes across cultural groups PARENTING STYLES Parenting styles are overall approaches to raising a child“the emotional climate in which parents raise their children” Two dimensions: oBaumrind and Maccoby & Martin split parenting into responsiveness (response to emotional and developmental needs) and demandingness (the extent to which parents control their children’s behavior or demand maturity) o2 dimensions = 4 parenting styles 1. Authoritarian- high in demandingness, low in responsiveness oStrict rules, high expectationsoLimited reasoning/explanation o“Because I said so” oPunishment: swift and severe; corporal (physical) punishment2. Permissive (indulgent) - low in demandingness, high responsiveness oVery few rules oLow expectations for maturity or self-controloFriendship
Background image
oSuper responsive3. Authoritative parents- high in demandingness, high in responsiveness oDemocratic: feedback/questions/discussion oEstablished rules and guidelinesoForgivingoHigh expectations and warmth oNurturing 4. Neglectful (uninvolved) - low demandingness, low responsiveness oLow communicationoFew demands oDetached or indifferent oNo structure, rules or supportOutcomes of parenting styles oLooking at behavior, mental health, social skills, academic success, self-control and self-regulation oAuthoritarian children tend to have:-Higher levels of impulsivity-Problems with self-regulation-Are rebellious-Engage in risky behavior
Background image
Image of page 8

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 9 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture