Immediately upon admission to the psychiatric eg all

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“Immediately upon admission to the psychiatric
E.g., “All pseudopatients took extensive notes…” (347). E.g., “One tacit characteristic… (348). “…There is nothing the pseudopatient can do to overcome the tag [of mentally ill]. The tag profoundly colors others’ perceptions of him and his behavior.” Labeling theorists have also researched how labels affect the perceptions of those being labeled Charles Horton Cooley (1902) “How others view us — or how we believe others view us — is key to our understanding of self and our place in society” (319). Cooley: ‘Looking-glass self’ It refers to an internal self-image based on the real or imagined responses of others “When we encounter others, we look to see how they are responding to us” — these responses inform our self-concept ward, the pseudopatient ceased simulating any symptoms of abnormality” (345). Subjects behaved normally and cooperatively “…Each [patient] was told that he would have to get out by his own devices…” (346). Patients “were motivated not only to behave sanely, but to be paragons of cooperation.” Nonetheless, the “length of hospitalization ranged from 7 to 52 days with an average of 19 days.” Further, “each was discharged with a diagnosis of schizophrenia ‘in remission’” (346) ‘The normal are not detectably sane’ “Despite their public ‘show’ of sanity, the pseudo- patients
were never detected.” “The evidence is strong that, once labeled schizophrenic, the pseudopatient was stuck with that label” (346). Theory/Topic: Marxist Theory [DSC: (351-369) & (390-405) Social Construction w/ e.g. Questions posed: 1.) Why are certain groups more likely to be considered deviant? 2.) Why are some actions, which many might consider harmful, not considered deviant or criminal? Karl Marx Core of his theory is a focus of the capitalist system as one that creates conflict, inequality, and power differentials Conflict: struggle for power arises as both groups try to maximize their advantage Dialectical materialism: reality existed in the “material world” Nature (the material world) was full of contradictions (conflict) and that through a process of negotiating those contradictions, we could arrive at a new reality Marx saw the law as the instrument used to support the ideology of capitalism. That is to say, he believed that the function of the law in a capitalist society was to maintain capitalism Settle disputes that might arise among the bourgeoisie because disputes weakened the power of the bourgeoisie and the power of the capitalist system. “If laborers live under false consciousness that does not allow them to understand or acknowledge their oppression and exploitation, then the bourgeoisie can manipulate them by labelling behaviors or groups that are dangerous to capitalism as deviant Theory/Topic: Conflict Theories Development of Conflict Theory E.g.: construction of deviance of gays and lesbians from a group uniformly accepted as deviant to a group growing in social acceptance that has strong, vocal advocates E.g. proletariats v bourgeoisie
Gusfield (1967, 1968) : Examined the legislation of morality; the use of law to control behaviors that did not necessarily have victims Law has two functions

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