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Have launched programs to reduce their total number

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have launched programs to reduce their total number of suppliers and move toward having strategic partnerships with a few. (30) However, new research con- cerning supplier relationships in various industries demonstrates that the widespread assumption of Western managers and business (35) consultants that Japanese firms manage their suppliers primarily through strategic partnerships is unjustified. Not only do Japanese firms appear to conduct a far (40) smaller proportion of their busi- ness through strategic partnerships than is commonly believed, but they also make extensive use of 4
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“market-exchange” relationships, (45) in which either party can turn to the marketplace and shift to dif- ferent business partners at will, a practice usually associated with Western manufacturers. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q7: The passage is primarily concerned with A. examining economic factors that may have contributed to the success of certain Japanese companies B. discussing the relative merits of strategic partnerships as compared with those of market-exchange relationship C. challenging the validity of a widely held assumption about how Japanese firms operate D. explaining why Western companies have been slow to adopt a particular practice favored by Japanese companies E. pointing out certain differences between Japanese and Western supplier relationships Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q8: According to the passage, the advice referred to in line 9 was a response to which of the following? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q9: The author mentions “the success of a certain well-known Japanese automaker” (lines 15- 17) most probably in order to 5
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