Thirdly, there are sociological factors that affect the spread of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is high in groups of low socioeconomic groups. Patients who are diagnosed with cervical
CERVICAL CANCER8cancer find out that they are treated differently from the rest of the people. This causes an increase in stigma among them hence, finding life to be a bit challenging. The lifestyle factors can as well have an impact on the contract of the disease. The environmental factors determine the vulnerability to medical radiations, risks from lack of proper handling of food such as aflatoxins related to liver cancer (Westin et al., 2008). The social habits are determining factors in the biological, physical and chemical environmental agents. Medical services come with their own risks which lead to cervical cancer. The chemotherapeutic agents which are used to treat cancer are large to an extent carcinogenic and can spread cancer to patients. Lastly, the air and water pollutions pose major risks in spreading cancer. The automobiles and industrial wastes contribute to this risk and therefore, care should be taken not to let the waste cause the spread of cancer. Fourthly, cervical cancer can be addressed from a historical perspective. From the historical perspective, cervical cancer is the leading causes of deaths. The main gynecological cancer for the women is cervical cancer. The global burden concerning cervical cancer is that there is high disproportionality in developing countries. It is a major problem where people are poor, where there is a low socio-economic status and ethnicity adding more risk. History shows that cervical cancer is a public health epidemic in almost all developing countries. Developing countries suffer from the risk of not being aware of cervical cancer and are unable to access cancer screening and treatment. The problem is particularly affecting the Sub-Saharan African countries (Sankaranarayanan, & Ferlay, 2006). In this region, the main cause of death is cervical cancer because they are poorly equipped. The main determinants of cervical cancer are Human Papillomavirus, age at which one experience sexual intercourse, smoking, food diet, parity and sexually transmitted diseases.
CERVICAL CANCER9Lastly, cervical cancer can be discussed from a geographic point of view. Despite the advancement of detection and prevention of cervical cancer, it is noted that women living in the rural areas particularly in the central valley of California, Texa/Mexico border have had a high rate of cervical cancer than their equals in other areas during the past years (Yabroff et al., 2005).Livings in rural areas create barriers to control cervical cancer due to the poor transport network and medical care. Low income, absence health insurance as well as unavailability of physicians in rural areas put women at a larger risk of contracting and dying from cervical cancer.