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geographic areas (e.g., neighborhood, census tract, state) that are related to crime?AnswerSelected Answers:EcologicalMacro-levelCorrect Answers:EcologicalMacro-levelQuestion 323 out of 3 pointsPapachristos (2004) and Monti (1993) pose similar challenges to the use of the term “disorganized” to describe delinquent groups such as gangs.AnswerSelected Answer:TrueCorrect Answer:TrueQuestion 33
0 out of 3 pointsConflict theory is most associated with what experience?AnswerSelected Answer:Routine activitiesCorrect Answer:MarginalizationResponse Feedback:Learning objective: N/A; Cognitive Domain: Comprehension; Answer Location: Pg. 88; Question Type: MCQuestion 343 out of 3 pointsCHOOSE ALL THAT APPLY. Which of the following are believed to be precipitating factors of the development of prison gangs in Chicago?AnswerSelected Answers:Mayor Daley’s 1969 gang warLarge-scale incarceration of gang membersCorrect Answers:Mayor Daley’s 1969 gang warLarge-scale incarceration of gang membersQuestion 350 out of 3 pointsWhich of the following is NOT one of the stages of gang development in the United States?AnswerSelected Answer:The massive deportation of recently arrived immigrantsCorrect
Answer:The development of transnational gangsResponse Feedback:Learning objective: N/A; Cognitive Domain: Analysis; Answer Location: Pgs. 83-85; Question Type: MCQuestion 363 out of 3 pointsPapachristos and Kirk (2006) suggested that social disorganization theory predicted gang but not non-gang homicides because the neighborhoods where gangs flourished were probably different from the places where non-gang violence developed.AnswerSelected Answer:TrueCorrect Answer:TrueQuestion 373 out of 3 pointsWhich of the following phenomena described in the five stages of gang development supports Thrasher’s (1927, 2000) contextualizationargument?AnswerSelected Answer:Multiple marginalityCorrect Answer:Multiple marginalityQuestion 380 out of 3 pointsCHOOSE ALL THAT APPLY. Studies by Whtye (1943) and Suttles (1968) imply the following things about the application of social disorganization theory to gangs:AnswerSelected Answers:Social disorganization theory does not need any modificationto be applicable to gangs.Gangs actually reflect strategic responses to disorganization in communities.Correct Answers:Disorganization is a misleading term, and caution should be used in using it.
Gangs actually reflect strategic responses to disorganization in communities.The original theory is not universally applicable to all social groups that reside within a disorganized community, and should be modified to apply to gangs.Response Feedback:Learning objective: N/A; Cognitive Domain: Analysis; Answer Location: Pgs. 78-79; Question Type: MSQuestion 390 out of 3 pointsIt is implied that Thrasher’s (1927, 2000) term “interstitial” is borrowed from what discipline?