Finished cattle Fed cattle whose time in the feedlot is completed and are now

Finished cattle fed cattle whose time in the feedlot

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Finished cattle - Fed cattle whose time in the feedlot is completed and are now ready for slaughter. Gestation - Time from conception until the female gives birth, an average of 285 days in cattle. Heifer - Young female bovine cow prior to the time that she has produced her first calf. Natural beef - Refers to beef from cattle that have not been fed growth stimulants or antibiotics. Packing plant - Facility in which cattle are slaughtered and processed. Quality grades - Grades such as Prime, Choice, and Select that group slaughter cattle and carcasses into value- and palatability-based categories. Grades are determined primarily by marbling and age of animal. Ration - Feed fed to an animal during a 24-hour period. Red meat - Meat from cattle, sheep, swine, and goats. See also white meat. Replacement heifers - Heifers, usually between 6 months and 16 months of age that have been selected to replace cows in the breeding herd. Retail cuts - Cuts of beef in sizes that are purchased by the consumer. Ruminant - Mammal whose stomach has four parts--rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum. Cattle, sheep, goats, deer, and elk are ruminants. Steer - Bovine male castrated prior to puberty. Subprimal cuts - Smaller-than-primal cuts, such as when the primal round is split into top round, bottom round, eye round, and sirloin tip. Subprimal cuts are used in boxed beef programs.
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210 Applied Economics 3411/5411, 2018 Lecture Notes Copyright © 2018 Edward Usset. All rights reserved. 4. Swine Production Glossary () Barrow - castrated male swine Boar - uncastrated male swine Farrowing: The process of giving birth to piglets. Farrowing operation: A business that breeds pigs and then sells them to another business, which will raise them to market size. Farrow to finish operation: A business that breeds pigs, raises them until they are ready to be slaughtered, and then sells them for profit. Feeder pig operation - breeder sells his grower pigs to a finishing operation to grow them out to market weight Finishing operation - buys feeder pigs and feeds them to 240 to 250 lbs. Gilt - young female swine, up to and including primiparous (1st litter) females; about 6 mos. old and 200 to 220lbs Grower pig - pig being grown out to market weight, usually takes about 16 weeks Hog - generic term, usually applied to growing swine Market weight - 240 to 250 lbs. Pig - generic term, usually applied to immature swine Sow - adult female swine Weaner pig - from weaning up to about 40 lbs.
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211 Applied Economics 3411/5411, 2018 Lecture Notes Copyright © 2018 Edward Usset. All rights reserved. 5. Dairy Glossary ( ) Bull: An adult male dairy animal. Young male dairy animals are known as bull calves. Butter: Butter is produced by churning the fat from milk or cream until it solidifies.
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