Outside of the specified job requirements Requires attempt to use power bases

Outside of the specified job requirements requires

This preview shows page 42 - 45 out of 52 pages.

- Outside of the specified job requirements - Requires attempt to use power bases - Includes efforts to influence the goals, criteria, or processes used for decision making
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- Including: o Withholding key information from decision makers o Joining a coalition o whistleblowing o spreading rumors o leaking confidential information o exchanging favors with other in the org for mutual benefit o lobbying on behalf of or against a particular individual or decision alternative Reality of Politics Managers show that most believe political behavior is a major part of org life and report some use of it both ethical and necessary, as long as it doesn’t directly harm anyone. It is a necessary evil and necessary to get things done. There is no real training in its effective usage. Orgs are made up of individuals and groups with different values, goals and interests which breed potential for conflict over allocation of limited resources forcing competition among members. The most important factor leading to politics within org is the realization that most of the “facts” used to allocate the limited resources are open to interpretation. It is this large and ambiguous middle ground of org life – where the facts don’t speak for themselves that politics flourish. Because decisions have to be made in a climate of ambiguity people within org will use whatever influence they can to taint the facts to support their goals and interests. This creates the activities we all politicking . “Organizational Politics” vs. “Effective Management” Political Effect Management 1. Blaming others vs. Fixing responsibility 2. “Kissing up” vs. Developing working relationships 3. Apple polishing vs. Demonstrating loyalty
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4. Passing the buck vs. Delegating authority 5. Covering your rear vs. Documenting decisions 6. Creating conflict vs. Encouraging change and innovation 7. Forming coalitions vs. Facilitating teamwork 8. Whistle-blowing vs. Improving efficiency 9. Scheming vs. Planning ahead 10. Overachieving vs. Competent and capable 11. Ambitious vs. Career minded 12. Opportunistic vs. Astute 13. Cunning vs. Practical minded 14. Arrogant vs. Confident 15. Perfectionist vs. Attentive to details Causes & Consequences of Political Behavior Individual Factors – at the individual level, certain personality traits, needs, and other factors likely to be related to political behavior: - High self-monitors o More sensitive to social cues, o Exhibits higher levels of social conformity o Is more likely to be skilled in political behavior than the low self-monitor - Possess an internal locus of control o Believe they can control their environment are more prone to take a proactive stance and attempt to manipulate situations in their favor – Machiavellian personality – comfortable using politics as a means to further self-interest - Have a high need for power o Expectations of success influences the degree to which they will pursue illegitimate means of political action.
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