This ordeal really gives the splinter anabaptist

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This ordeal, really gives the splinter Anabaptist groups a bad name.oMenno Simons(1496-1561)Partly in the wake of the Swiss Brethren’s ordeal in Munster, Simons and his followers preach Anabaptist ideals with the message of Peace. Europe tends to leave the Mennonites alone.Peace of Augsburg, 1555oIn an attempt to address the diverse religions, Catholics, German Princes (Schmalkaldic League), and Lutherans come together to form some kind of treaty to create stability.oCuius region, eius religio (“whose reign, that religion”)oWhoever rules in a particular region, gets to decide the official religion of that area.
oGood attempt at peace, but obvious holes:Allows for too many frequent changes of religion: due to war, captured territory, change of religion among royal families.Only sets up tolerance for two faiths: Catholicism, and Lutheranism. Blatantly leaves out Anabaptists, and Calvinists. Index of Prohibited Books, 1559oCatholic Church publishes a list of books that they deem dangerous to Catholics because they will be exposed to heretical beliefs. oPurpose: an attempt to control the spread of new ideas and knowledge that is floating around. oExamples: Henry VIII’s Defense of the Sacraments, Lorenzo Valla’s donation forgery revalation, Koran, Bibles in the vernacular, Copernicus’ works, works by Luther, Calvin, John Huss, and Wycliffe.oThe index only backfires and creates a stronger desire to read the banned books. III. The Wars of Religion, 1562-1598.-Setting: France-At this tim e p eriod, France is torn a bout by d e ep-s e at ed religious differences, a nd politicaldivisions. French m on archs are concerned about their power and control, which had historicb e e n the supre m e a uthority. The French crown is dep end ent on the cooperation of the nobilBut by 1560, the nobility is very a gitat ed a nd e dgy about control and power. -Henry II, French king who is holding France together by the s e a m s. Henry II dies in a joustinaccident, and his young son Francis II, (still a boy) then later Charles IX co m es to the thronequ e en, Catherine d e’ Medici (Italian wo m an with strong conn ections) is waiting in the wingstake control over France.-Rival Factions at the French Court-These people and groups are warring with Catherine d e’ Medici for control over the Frenchthrone.1.Catholic FactionsoThe Guises (Mary Queen of Scots)2.Calvinist Factions(i.e. Huguenots)oThe Montmorencies (Admiral Coligny)oThe Bourbons (Anthony of Navarre, Henry of Navarre)HuguenotsoFrench term for Calvinists. French Calvinists.

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