CA2320EN.pdf

2018 fcast 000 tonnes world 277 072 276 510 275 655

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2018 f’cast (000 tonnes) % World 277 072 276 510 275 655 277 070 Africa 152 822 155 607 157 453 160 730 Nigeria 57 643 57 855 55 069 56 000 Congo, Democratic Republic of 15 300 15 200 14 950 15 200 Ghana 17 213 17 798 19 138 19 441 Angola 7 727 7 788 7 740 7 724 Mozambique 8 103 9 100 10 920 12 198 Tanzania, United Republic of 5 886 5 575 5 300 5 400 Uganda 2 898 2 885 2 950 2 980 Malawi 4 997 5 089 5 100 5 030 Benin 3 421 4 096 4 079 3 725 Cameroon 5 000 5 170 5 346 5 400 Rwanda 3 000 3 179 3 427 3 701 Madagascar 2 677 2 629 2 523 2 650 Côte d'Ivoire 5 087 4 548 5 367 5 370 Other Africa 13 870 14 693 15 545 15 911 Latin America 32 309 30 279 29 915 30 593 Brazil 23 060 21 080 20 610 20 940 Paraguay 3 000 3 167 3 167 3 250 Colombia 2 092 2 117 2 125 2 250 Other Latin America 4 157 3 915 4 013 4 153 Asia 91 689 90 383 88 051 85 511 Thailand 32 358 31 161 30 495 27 240 Indonesia 21 801 20 261 19 046 21 000 Viet Nam 10 740 10 925 11 263 10 500 India 4 373 4 344 4 171 4 073 China, mainland 4 500 4 548 4 550 4 560 Cambodia 11 944 13 222 13 387 13 000 Philippines 2 711 2 733 2 792 2 652 Other Asia 3 261 3 190 2 348 2 486 Oceania 252 241 236 236 Democratic Republic of the Congo , the subregion’s largest producer, cassava output is expected to rise marginally from the previous year, but at 15.2 million tonnes, this would be some 10 percent below the record of 2014. In Asia, industrial demand for cassava in the ethanol, starch and animal feed sectors, and their lucrative export markets, especially China, have underpinned strong expansion of the crop in the past decade, particularly in Southeast Asia. However, in 2017 cassava production fell throughout the continent, and is forecast to contract further in 2018 by a similar margin of around 3 percent. Much of the contraction is due to a reduction in plantings of 10 percent from the previous year in Thailand , Asia’s largest producer, following very low root prices at the beginning of the season and a lack of foreseen demand in China. Consequently, Thailand’s cassava
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Cassava 21 FOOD OUTLOOK NOVEMBER 2018 where drought has afflicted yields. TRADE International cassava trade in 2018 set to fall to a seven-year low At just under 14 million tonnes (chip and pellet weight equivalent), the volume of world trade in cassava in 2018 is expected to fall by 36 percent from last year, and to a level not seen since 2011. At the turn of the last decade, cassava trade had been expanding at an average rate of 7 percent a year, reflecting buoyant demand in China’s energy, feed and industrial sectors, which was mainly met by Thailand and to a lesser extent, Viet Nam and Cambodia. The importance of China and Thailand in shaping international trade is noteworthy, with China typically accounting for more than two-thirds of world imports, and Thailand for as much as 80 percent of world exports. Of the two principally traded products (chips/pellets and flour/starch), flows of chips/pellets are set for the biggest decline, falling by 47 percent from 2017, while cassava/ starch transactions are expected to fall by 23 percent from last year’s level. Not since the decimation of Thailand’s cassava crop by the pink hibiscus mealy bug in 2010 and 2011 has total cassava trade fallen so low. On this occasion, however, policy is culpable. China continues to lower its excessive stockpiles of maize, through periodic auctions managed by the state grain reserves body. The sell-off of
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