2018f’cast(000 tonnes)%World277 072276 510275 655277 070Africa152 822155 607157 453160 730Nigeria57 64357 85555 06956 000Congo, Democratic Republic of15 30015 20014 95015 200Ghana17 21317 79819 13819 441Angola7 7277 7887 7407 724Mozambique8 1039 10010 92012 198Tanzania, United Republic of5 8865 5755 3005 400Uganda2 8982 8852 9502 980Malawi4 9975 0895 1005 030Benin3 4214 0964 0793 725Cameroon5 0005 1705 3465 400Rwanda3 0003 1793 4273 701Madagascar2 6772 6292 5232 650Côte d'Ivoire5 0874 5485 3675 370Other Africa13 87014 69315 54515 911Latin America 32 30930 27929 91530 593Brazil23 06021 08020 61020 940Paraguay3 0003 1673 1673 250Colombia2 0922 1172 1252 250Other Latin America4 1573 9154 0134 153Asia 91 68990 38388 05185 511Thailand32 35831 16130 49527 240Indonesia21 80120 26119 04621 000Viet Nam10 74010 92511 26310 500India4 3734 3444 1714 073China, mainland4 5004 5484 5504 560Cambodia11 94413 22213 38713 000Philippines2 7112 7332 7922 652Other Asia3 2613 1902 3482 486Oceania252241236236Democratic Republic of the Congo, the subregion’s largest producer, cassava output is expected to rise marginally from the previous year, but at 15.2 million tonnes, this would be some 10 percent below the record of 2014. In Asia, industrial demand for cassava in the ethanol, starch and animal feed sectors, and their lucrative export markets, especially China, have underpinned strong expansion of the crop in the past decade, particularly in Southeast Asia. However, in 2017 cassava production fell throughout the continent, and is forecast to contract further in 2018 by a similar margin of around 3 percent. Much of the contraction is due to a reduction in plantings of 10 percent from the previous year in Thailand, Asia’s largest producer, following very low root prices at the beginning of the season and a lack of foreseen demand in China. Consequently, Thailand’s cassava
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Cassava21FOOD OUTLOOK NOVEMBER 2018where drought has afflicted yields.TRADEInternational cassava trade in 2018 set to fall to a seven-year lowAt just under 14 million tonnes (chip and pellet weight equivalent), the volume of world trade in cassava in 2018 is expected to fall by 36 percent from last year, and to a level not seen since 2011. At the turn of the last decade, cassava trade had been expanding at an average rate of 7 percent a year, reflecting buoyant demand in China’s energy, feed and industrial sectors, which was mainly met by Thailand and to a lesser extent, Viet Nam and Cambodia. The importance of China and Thailand in shaping international trade is noteworthy, with China typically accounting for more than two-thirds of world imports, and Thailand for as much as 80 percent of world exports. Of the two principally traded products (chips/pellets and flour/starch), flows of chips/pellets are set for the biggest decline, falling by 47 percent from 2017, while cassava/starch transactions are expected to fall by 23 percent from last year’s level. Not since the decimation of Thailand’s cassava crop by the pink hibiscus mealy bug in 2010 and 2011 has total cassava trade fallen so low. On this occasion, however, policy is culpable. China continues to lower its excessive stockpiles of maize, through periodic auctions managed by the state grain reserves body. The sell-off of
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