100%(6)6 out of 6 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 5 - 7 out of 7 pages.
The Song Empire was technologically and scientifically advanced, engaged heavily in trade, andlasted about 300 years, so they set a course for the culture of the whole region of East Asia.What made the cultural propagation fluid from dynasty to dynasty was that Chinese empires hada common written language.
The government system had advantages and disadvantages. The bureaucrats all studied the sameworkson social behavior and philosophy, and this promoted unity and the normalization ofbehavior throughout the empire and during the times of dynastic change. The scholar-bureaucrats had a common base of understanding, and they passed on these political andphilosophical ideas to the people under them so that the whole empire might have a commonphilosophy of life.A disadvantage of this system was that innovative reform and politicalcriticism could be restricted easily by rulers.Innovation and personal freedom were stifled. During the Song Dynasty era, the religions of Daoism and Buddhism became less popular amongthe ruling class than in previous times. Neo-Confucian thought became their dominantphilosophy of life.The Song Dynasty was prosperous in many respects of the society. In agriculture, the productive technology was improved which promoted the output of food; in handicraft industry, the divisionof labor became more detailed which made the handicrafts technology reach an advanced level; and the development of the commodity economy exceeded the previous level. Particularly, the earliest paper currency appeared at that period.As for the development of science and culture, tremendous achievements were made during this period. Two of China's four great inventions - typography and the compass were both invented and the application of gunpowder also developed rapidly. With regard to literature, a large number of outstanding scholars and poets, such as Zhuxi, Ouyang Xiu, Su Shi, Sima Guang and Shen Kuo, emerged and built up the splendid cultural atmosphere of the Song Dynasty. The Song era was a time when the Chinese Empire shrank, but the civil service exam was improved.
The song also is known for tax reform, cheap loans to peasant farmers, government monopolies,and price controls. Ultimately, the Song fell due to invasions from northern nomadic groups.References- the Sui Dynasty, impact on the economy and politics.- the Tang Dynasty- song dynasty- song dynastyPearson Custom Library: A world History, Volume 1, Connections (Ashworth College)