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ability to search for and use health information, adopt healthy behaviors, and act on important public health alerts. Limited health literacy is also associated with worse health outcomes and higher costsMeaningful Use-The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 specifies three main components of meaningful use: (1) the use of a certified electronic health record (EHR) in a meaningful manner, such as e-prescribing; (2) the use of certified EHR technology for electronic exchange of health information to improve quality of health care; and (3) the use of certified EHR technology to submit clinical quality and other measures. The criteria for meaningful use will be staged in three steps. Stage 1 (2011–2012) set the baseline for electronic data capture and information sharing. Stage 2 (2013) and Stage 3 (expected to be implemented in 2015) continue to expand on this baseline and be developed through future rule making.The primary purpose of the MU standards is to ensure that the EHRs across the nationmeet an adequate standard for performance and that this standard increases in complexity over time to meet the expanded needs of the nation. The first standard defined the MU of EHRs, and the second specified how EHRs are to be developed andcertified to meet the MU criteria (HITECH, 2009). Meaningful use (MU) refers to the rules and regulations established by the ARRA. The three stages of MU were part of an EHR incentive program. During stage 1, the focus was on data capturing and sharing. Stage 2 focused on advanced clinical processes, and stage 3 sought to improve outcomes.Patient-centered Information Systems-Patient-centered information systems focusedon collecting data and disseminating information related to direct care. Several of these systems have become mainstream types of systems used in health care. The four types of systems most commonly found in healthcare organizations include (1) clinical documentation systems, (2) pharmacy information systems, (3) laboratory information systems, and (4) radiology information systemsClinical Decision Support Systems-A computer-based program designed to assist clinicians in making clinical decisions by filtering or integrating vast amounts of information andproviding suggestions for clinical intervention. May also be called a clinical decision support system (CDSS).Electronic Medical Records-A system that uses bar-coding technology in order to submit and fill prescriptions. Typically, handheld scanners read bar codes and transmit them to the pharmacy. Computer-based data warehouses or repositories of information regarding the health status of a client, which are replacing the former paper-based medical records; they are the systematic documentation of a client’s health status and health care in a secured digital format, meaning that they can be processed, stored, transmitted, and accessed by authorized
interdisciplinary professionals for the purpose of supporting efficient, high-quality health care across the client’s healthcare continuum. Also known as electronic medical records (EMRs).