Spirit of political participation that puts great

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spirit of political participation that puts great emphasis on the fulfillment of ŵaŶ’s Ŷatuƌe as a ͞politiĐal aŶiŵal͟oBecomes important for citizens to acquire public office and participate in public political affairs5 major players in Italy:ochurch ruled by the popeorepublic in Veniceokingdom of Naplesoduchie of Milanonly two are democratic Florence and veniceoeverything else is paper states????Divided and stratified oDivided by class etcEconomic boom: expansion of the merchant classoTransforms traditional social classes - $$$Renaissance divided into 5 categories: (highest-lowest)Merchant class & Old NobilityBanker class & emerging capitalistLess wealthy/ smaller merchants and tradespeoplepoordomestic slavesoconflict between the classes leads to antagonism and strife olowest were active during the power struggles ohighly divided societyosuperimposed division: guild system(reinforces class antagonisms)an association of craftsmen in a particular tradepowerful b/s they create funds for sick members, pay for funerals, and take care of elderlyguilds set quality standards and prices Guild system reinforces class antagonisms b/c the conflict between guilds and wealthy: Major Arts (ex. Lawyers)oAnd Minor arts lower class? (ex. Wine makers)Political lives of these communities were intense, conflictual, and unstableoBecause of the 5 classes and guildsb/c the intensity, instability, and conflict, the institutions of the city states will be in constant evolution and change find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
next week focus: mechanisms on Florence and Venice aŶd what they iŵpleŵeŶt …?find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
The Modern Democratic Revolution(week 7 Oct. 25) Last week cont.: humanism replaces the traditional idea of mankind return to the ancients = return to democracy oreplaces the capacity of all men oAthenian incarnation rests upon participation of citizens Return to democracy in Florence and Venice Type of political spirit that prevails is republicanism oPublic spirit oPuts great emphasis on political participation oNot the same as modern idea of republicanism Humanism = public life Political communities that are seriously divided During democratic periods of Florence, politics is torn by factionalism (rivalry between 2 political groups divided by particular interest vs. common interest) oTorn by internal descent oFlorence attempts to create mechanisms to deal with the intensity of descent and conflict in the city republic oOne mechanism ex. = lottery system & rotation (similar to democratic Athens) oFlorence adds another mechanism/method: scrutiny In order to put their name in public office, they had to be scrutinized Once they past scrutiny, they had to pass a vote of a second committee o

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