Reasons: anti-v war, gov of Charles de B, conditions on campus particularly in newer campuses oSymbolic importance bc they coincide w workers strike in France (10m on strike at the same time…half the work force)oHope for alliance between student/working class forces that could overthrow the Fifth republic, DeGaulle. This was limited however, as workers were wary of the students (thought they were fighting/protesting but they didn’t know what for)oDeGaulle offers 10% pay increase oEnd of june, national election. DG wins, the students revolts politically failIn western EU the protests don’t do much politicallyoBut in social and cultural terms, theres a shift in modernizing campuses, syllabi, facultyoAlso a marker for more liberal social and cultural attitudes to sexualityoIn WG, I: students decide that nothing can be changed w sit ins -> formations of radical factions (red brigades, etc)…basis for urban terrorism in the early 70sUS
oAnti-vietnam in USRise and fall of communismCominform (47): It was the first official forum of the international communist movement since the dissolution of the Comintern, and confirmed the new realities after World War II, including the creation of an Eastern Bloc.The intended purpose of Cominform was to coordinate actions between Communist parties under Soviet direction.Establishment of Communist Rule in Eastern Europeo45: red army pushing toward berlin, post-stalingrad. oMany countries occupied in 44-45, communism had been a small force900 communists in Romania, 6000 in Bulgaria…unlikely to seize power w/o soviet assistanceIn the early years of the cold war, the idea that communism had been imposed upon eastern europeoThey were not liberated from the nazis, but occupied by communistsPro-Soviet sentiments at an all time high due to their defeat of Nazism, widespread anger with pre-war political systems and parties in the small countries Countries under soviet occupation, primarily agrarian with most of the land owned by a small group of people. Land reforms happened, redistributing land an attractive ideaHow communism spread in 3 stages:o1) genuine coalitiono2) bogus coalitiono3) one-party dictatorship Poland’s resistance during WWII = anti-communist. Soviets keen to gain control of P because it was between G and USSRCommunism in Yugoslavia:oLocal communist movement had become independent in WWII and became in power w/o soviet/red army assistanceoToo independant minded for StalinoIn 48, Stalin kicked Y out of the international communist movement despite being one of the strongest communist movements
CzechoslovakiaoCommunists popular (unlike in Poland, Bulgaria); largest partyoA more democratic road to communism (By popular vote)…but that doesn’t happen.o’48: C communists seize power themselves. Led by local coms, but under the advisement of MoscowEast GermanyoIt takes much longer to reach full dictatorship that other places…stalin not sure about creating a separatecommunist Germany…reluctant to promote it as a separate stateoThey had the more agrarian, smaller part of the country.
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