Split in eating habits between upper and lower classes 404 BC Athens loses war

Split in eating habits between upper and lower

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Persians. Split in eating habits between upper and lower classes 404 B.C. Athens loses war to Sparta for control of Sicilian grain fields 323 B.C. Alexander the Great dies 264–146 B.C. Rome and Phoenicians wage war for control of trade and grain 44 B.C. Julius Caesar assassinated in the Roman Senate by senators 27 B.C. Augustus becomes Rome’s first emperor 27 B.C.–A.D. 180 Pax Romana —Roman peace. Forum, Colosseum, Apicius, Banquets, persecution of Jews (Masada) and Christians
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Chapter 2: GRAIN, GRAPE, OLIVE: THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN A.D. 1st century Apicius writes 1st cookbook, De re Coquinaria Cooking Matters A.D. 61 Satyricon , including “Trimalchio’s Feast,” written by Petronius by A.D. 250 150 spectacles per year in Rome A.D. 301 Emperor Diocletian sets maximum prices on luxury items A.D. 313 Emperor Constantine ends persecution of the Christians A.D. 330 Emperor Constantine splits Roman Empire to try to save it A.D. 408 Barbarians hold Rome ransom for 3,000 pounds of black pepper A.D. 452 Attila the Hun outside the gates of Rome A.D. 476 Western Roman Empire falls; Eastern Roman Empire survives
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Chapter 2: Terms SECOND COURSE TERMS Page in Text 1. Mediterranean Climate 25 2. polis 26 3. nectar and ambrosia 26–27 4. aphrodisiac 27 5. symposium 31 6. extra virgin olive oil 33 7. Hannibal 39 8. latifundia 40 9. Pax Romana 40 10. convivium 43 11. triclinium 44 12. al fresco 44 13. garum 46 14. Apicius 47 15. “Trimalchio’s Feast” 51
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GRAIN, GRAPE, OLIVE: THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEANTHE MEDITERRANEAN SEA GREECE Geography Nectar, Ambrosia, Aphrodisiacs Demeter, Goddess of Grain: The “Good Goddess” Dionysus, God of the Grape The Symposium—Drinking Together Athena, Goddess of the Olive Food from the Sea The Golden Age of Greece The Professional Chef Alexander the Great and the Magic Apples
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ROME The Founding of Rome, 753 B.C.: Suckled by a Wolf Roman Culture: Gods and Goddesses The Grain Wars: The Punic Wars The Roman Republic The Roman Empire Trade Routes: The Silk Road and Cinnamon Land Upper-Class Cuisine and Culture—The Convivium Dining Al Fresco The Vacation Villa The Farmer’s Villa Garum: Fermented Fish Sauce Apicius and the First Cookbook Feasts: Trimalchio and Lucullus Lower-Class Cuisine: Street Food Christians: Life and Death in the Colosseum Jews: Masada and the Diaspora Bread and Circuses: The Decline of Rome The Fall of Rome, A.D. 408–476: “The Funeral of the World”
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CHRISTENDOM AND ISLAM IN THE MIDDLE AGES, 500–1453 DATE EVENT 500–1300 Middle Ages 7 th century Angel Gabriel speaks to Muhammad; beginning of Islamic religion 8 th century Coffee discovered in Ethiopia 732 Charles Martel stops Muslim invasion of France at Tours 827–1091 Arabs control Sicily, grow sugar there after 10 th century 10 th century Wines distinguished by region, like Champagne 950–1300 Medieval Warm Period —global warming, longer growing season 989 Russia becomes Christian 11 th to 16 th cent. Multiple episodes of ergot poisoning ca. 1000 Three-field system of agriculture produces more crops
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