Their strength was in their understanding of the

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
employing. Their strength was in their understanding of the forest ecosystem and desire for good relations with their neighbors. They were able to produce the yerba-mate and leaves from wild orange trees and trade those for the machetes, hooks, soap and salt that were easy for the merchants to access. This strategy by the Guarani shows that the basis of good sustainable practice is being able to meet your needs through understanding the ecological relationship of the land around you and balancing that with maintaining positive relationships with your neighbors. This maintains peace while protecting your way of life. Societies make decisions differently depending on the authority given to their leaders. For the Hunting and gathering, pastoral and horticultural societies the tribes and bands of people are small enough that the leaders make decisions based on the consensus of the group and for the betterment of their tribe or band. Conflicts are resolved through similar means. This differs from the Agricultural and Industrial Societies. In these there are either Chiefdom or state governments. Here the authority and decision making power is given to the government or chief. These societies differ by not relying solely on the environment for their lively hood. Man made structures are built for water diversion and soil maintenance in terms of agriculture and for factory and industrial development for industrial societies. This requirement of support services creates a hierarchy of those who have the control of the food sources and those in support. The decision making can range from concentrated power in a lone chief or dictator to a complex network involving many people and power centers with authorities over certain areas but not concentrated in one place. Conflict resolution can be just as complicated working through bureaucracy or simple with decisions being made by a chief or judge.
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern