DSST Business Ethics and Society 2

Enforced by the us fish and wildlife service fws and

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Enforced by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) 163) Toxic Substances Control Act – requires screening of toxic substances before they enter the marketplace, reviewing them for health and environmental effects before they are manufactured for commercial purpose, a) Previous laws only gave the EPA the authority to control toxic substances after damage had occurred 164) Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) – more than 30,000 that lobby politicians to make and improve environmental laws and protect these laws from being watered down or repealed a) Include groups like the Worldwide Fund for Nature, and Greenpeace 165) Fair Labor Standards Act – (FLSA) - 1938 – concerned wages and overtime payments, child labor, and equal rights a) To stop the use of child labor aged 16-18 in dangerous occupations such as mining and logging b) Under 16 yr old children cannot work for any organization engaged in interstate business b.i) Unless it is not dangerous b.ii) Or performed for a parent or guardian b.iii) Or under temporary work pass issued by the Department of Labor (DOL) 166) National Industrial Recovery Act – instituted fair trade codes in each industry, set a 40 hour week, gave labor the right to bargain, collectively and abolished child labor a) Was formed to encourage businesses to follow the fair trade codes b) Declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1935 167) National Labor Relations Board – created in 1935 – to enforce the Wagner Act, a popular name for the National Labor Relations Act a) It supervised union elections and investigated possible unfair labor practice by employers b) Requires employers to engage in collective bargaining with the National Labor Relations Board certified union b.i) To be certified the union must represent the employees who are affected by this bargaining and have been elected by those employees to represent them 168) Collective Bargaining – an attempt by a union and management to come to an agreement on employment conditions and if successful results in a contract 169) Grievance – when a claim is made that the union contract has been violated a) Contract should describe a grievances procedure which outlines how the grievance will be dealt with
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b) Through collective bargaining unions work out a contract detailing conditions of employment 170) Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) – makes it illegal to discriminate against workers in any aspect of employment, who are over the age of 40 a) Employers covered by ADEA have more than 20 employees, b) Unions with 25 or more members c) Employment Agencies d) Federal, State and Local Governments 171) Command and Control Government Legislation – legislatures mandate a specific behavior and establish a regulatory agency to monitor and enforce compliance a) Commonly used by governments to enact social policies a.i) Example: public housing, state education, welfare, etc.
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