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in EuropeBattle of YorktownoTrench warfareoCornwallis surrenders at Yorktown (1781)French army is crucial to winning the war
oMost important is Navy°1782The Missing YearoArmy still in New York, fighting still going on °Treaty of Paris (1783)Ends war°Articles of ConfederationDrafting begins June of 1776November 1777 sent to states to ratifyJuly 9, 1778 eight states signJuly 21, 1778 North Carolina signsMarch 1, 1781 13thstate signsStates will be sovereignEach state gets one voteStates can’t make treaties on their ownCan have small navies and armiesNo state can engage in war without consent unless invadedExplains how debt will be paid forTaxes will be passed by individual state governments—creates problems for paying off debt at the end of the warCanada could’ve joined lol9 states had to agree to add colonyUnanimous consent to change the Articles—Rhode Island sucks Leads to MAJOR issues in early port-revolutionary periodIssues:oNo power to taxoStates can largely ignore anything they wantoNo power to enforceoNo power to require commerce°
Articles of Confederation 02/11/2015°Look back over view on democracy and religious freedom/ toleration
°Articles of ConfederationDrafting begins June 1776November 1777 sent to states to ratify July 9, 1778 eight states sign July 21, 1778 North Carolina SignsMarch 1, 1781, Maryland becomes thirteen and final state to ratify Governing document that essentially meant to oversee the states asthey fought the revolutionary war“each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right which is not by this…” For the most convenient management of the general interests of the United States, delegates shall be annually appointed in such manner States cannot make treaties of their own States could have small Navies and Armies to protect their forts andshores (but only small ones) No state shall engage in any war Taxes for paying shall be levied by congress on the state legislators For general action you need 9 states present Simple majority was not enough to change you needed every stateto agree. Originally Canada was allowed to come in if they wantedUnion shall be perpetual IssuesoNo power to taxoStates can largely ignore anything they want
oNo power to enforceoNo power to require commerce °Making a NationArticles of ConfederationNorthwest OrdinancePublic Land Survey System Washington °Washington By giving up power, he gains more power Cared more about his legacy than power °Slavery and the Declaration 1781- Massachusetts new constitution all men created equal oslaves sue that they are equal and the court agrees o1790 no slaves left in Massachusetts oslavery decreasing across all Northern states by this time oheavy abolition movement in the north at this point o