GV101 Week 4.docx

Question find the need for a theory or explanation

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Question; find the need for a theory or explanation for something unexpected o Theory or Model; science as ‘imagination in a straightjacket’ (Feynman 1967) o Implications; deduce implications from the model we did not set out to explain o Test Hypotheses; test implications that are most likely to be falsifiable o Evaluation b. The Craft of Political Research (Shively 2012) - The assertion of a causal relationship is different to that of the assertion of a relationship, which is a rather objective statement. - There are 3 interpretations available when 2 phenomena coincide o Causation is not involved at all . The phenomena coincide because of logical necessity o The relationship observed is a result of outside factors, thus neither of the phenomena causes the other. o One of the phenomena causes the other. Decision must therefore be made on which is the cause and which is the effect (using the convention that causation must run forward in time) - The natural experiment without premeasurement is most commonly used (e.g. any voting study that shows people of a certain type vote differently to others not of this type)
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3. Class a. Quant/Qual research - Easier to find internal validity when doing Qualitative research (also a disadvantage of Qualitative - External validity more common in Quantitative research as Quant is more generalizable
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  • Winter '15
  • Test Hypotheses, a. Political Science Methods

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