The germans fought a blitzkrieg lightning war or tank

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The Germans fought a blitzkrieg (“lightning war”) or tank-led assaults followed by motorized infantrymen and then foot soldiers. The Nazi war was not just a grab for land and raw materials; it was also a crusade for a new order based on race. - Throughout Europe, Hitler established puppet governments that complied with deportation orders against Jews and dissidents. HIs new order made Europe a giant police state. - It gave rise to collaborators, who worked with the Germans; resistance fighters, who opposed German occupiers for varying reasons; and a wide range of options in between, as people struggled to make their way and take care of their families as best they could. In the east, the tide turned against the Germans and their collaborators after the ferocious battles of Stalingrad in 1942-1943 and Kursk in 1943. Once the Soviet army blundered the initial German assault, it launchd a massive counteroffensive This move initiate the defeat of the German war effort on the Eastern Front, but full retreat took another 2 years as the Soviets drove Hitler’s army slowly westward. The spectacular D-Day landing of western Allied forces in Normandy on June 6, 1944, initiated defeat in the west. On April 30, 1945, as Soviet and Anglo-American forces converged on Berlin, Hitler committed suicide. Days later, Germany surrendered unconditionally. The Bitter Costs of War - The war in Europe had devastating human and material costs. This was particularly the case in eastern Europe, where German forces leveled more than 70,000 Soviet villages, obliterated one-third of the Soviet Union’s wealth, and inflicted 7 million Soviet military deaths and at least 20 million civilian deaths. German bombing of British cities, such as London, took a heavy toll on civilians and buildings, as did Allied bombing of war plants and Axis cities like Dresden and Tokyo. Tens of millions were left homeless. 8
Wednesday, April 22, 2015 - Europe’s Jews paid an especially high price. Hitler had long talked of “freeing” Europe of all Jews. At the war’s outset, the Nazis herded Jews into ghettos and labor camps and then seized their property. As the German army moved eastward, more and more Jews came under their control. At first the Nazi bureaucrats considered deportation but then ruled out transporting “subhumans” as too costly, and began instead to starve Jews and crowd them together in unsanitary ghettoes. By the summer of 1941, special troops operating behind the army on the Eastern Front and begun mass shootings of communists and Jewish civilians, and by fall 1941, Hitler and the S.S. were building a series of killing centers. Cattle cars shipped Jews from all over Europe to the extermination sites in the east where Nazis used the latest technology, including the arsenic-based poison gas Zyklon B, to kill men, women, and children.

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