Was called a failure by the leaders of his party the

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was called a failure by the leaders of his party. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was brought up by Stephan Douglas to win the support of the southern legislators, that included portion of the Louisiana Purchase, extending to the Canadian border. Douglas supported the principle of “popular sovereignty,” whereby voters in each territory decide whether to allow slavery thus violating the Missouri Compromise. By the end of, the Kansas-Nebraska Act would destroy the Whig party, fragment the Democratic party, and spark a territorial civil war in Kansas. The tragic flow in Douglas’s reasoning was his failure to appreciate the growing intensity of anti-slavery sentiment spreading across the country. Many of the North argued that if the Missouri Compromise was not a sacred pledge, then neither was the Fugitive Slave Act. Many of the Kansas settlers wanted to keep all blacks, enslaved or free, out of the territory. The tense confrontation began to slip into violent conflict. The sack of Lawrence, Kansas was roused by John Brown and set off a guerrilla war, the Pottawatomie Massacre, in the Kansas Territory that lasted through the fall. Before the Pottawatomie Massacre, in the Senate, Preston Brooks beat Charles Summer due to insulting slave owners thus creating a martyr for the anti-slavery cause. Dred Scott case, Scott was born a slave and was moved around with his master and eventually got married. After his master’s death, Scott tried to buy his freedom and was persuaded to file a suit to claiming that residence in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory had made him free thus challenging the concept of popular sovereignty. If Congress itself could not exclude slavery from a territory, then presumably neither could a territorial government created by an act of Congress. Chief Justice Roger B, Taney ruled that Scott lacked legal standing because he lacked citizenship, as did all former slaves, thus it was not enough to deny Congress the right to interfere with slavery in the territories. Congress had an obligation to protect the property of slaveholders, making a federal slave code the next step in the militant effort to defend slavery. Every event in the late 1850s seemed to get drawn into the vortex of the festering sectional conflict and business troubles were no exception. The agricultural South endured crisis of the panic of 1857 better
than the North thus showing the superiority of the southern system of slave-based agriculture to the free-labor system of the North. When Douglas went to defend the idea of popular sovereignty, Abraham Lincoln countered from the same platform with the belief that slavery will disappear over time. John Brown, a militant abolitionist, viewed himself as carrying out a divine mission on behalf of a vengeful god and made a plan to seize the arsenal and arm thousands of the slaves in the area. He failed to ignite a massive slave rebellion which led him to being convicted and hanged, he became a martyr for the anti- slavery cause and set off a panic throughout the slaveholding South. However, the election of Lincoln

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