Classical conditioning lack of extinction due to

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Classical conditioning: Lack of extinction due to avoidance; model cannot explain why most people who have been traumatized do not develop PTSD; perception of event very important . Etiology and Treatment of ASD Etiology and Treatment of ASD and PTSD and PTSD Trauma model includes individual characteristics (e.g., cognitive processing abilities, anxiety, and depression), nature of the traumatic experience (e.g. life threat, survivor), cognitive processing and interpretation (coping response), and the recovery environment (e.g., social support, immediate stressors, cultural/societal attitudes) that determine if PTSD will occur. Individuals with a sensitized autonomic system & specific genetic factors are more likely to develop PTSD.
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Extinction through flooding (prolonged exposure) procedures – often difficult for patients to comply because need to generate a clear and vivid experience of traumatic event. Etiology and Treatment of ASD Etiology and Treatment of ASD and PTSD and PTSD Cognitive factors: Etiology: Guilt, self-blame, cognitive set Treatment: Psychoeducation, exposure, identify faulty thinking, stress management/ muscle relaxation
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Etiology and Treatment of ASD Etiology and Treatment of ASD and PTSD and PTSD Biological Treatment – some evidence that PTSD is associated with an alteration in the neural and biological systems resulting in a hypersensitivity to stimuli similar to or related to the traumatic event. Tricyclic antidepressants and SSRIs have been effective in treating ASD and PTSD with SSRIs as the current treatment of choice.
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Psychophysiological disorders - physical illnesses that have a strong psychological component which are distinguished from illnesses that are strictly organic problems. Distinct from conversion disorder: Actual tissue damage in psychophysiological disorders. DSM-5 criteria: (a) Temporal relationship between psychological factors and onset of, or recovery from medical condition, (b) psychological factor interferes with treatment, (c) psychological factors are added health-risk factor for the
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  • Spring '07
  • Zane
  • Stress, Psychological trauma, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Life event stress

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