b Demographic shift was accompanied by secularization break up of extended

B demographic shift was accompanied by secularization

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b. Demographic shift was accompanied by secularization, break up of extended families, and a sharp rise in the need of governmental regulation and intervention c. Offset of the problems associated with the changes brought by revolution: major advances in living standards, political gains by organized labor, and consumer related technological innovation d. Economic characterization of Post-industrial societies i. Shifts: manufacturing to service sector, domestic to international markets, cash and carry based economy to credit and installment buying economy, one income families to two income families, saving culture to a consuming culture ii. Overdevelopment or reverse development 1. Revers development: outmigration from cities to suburbs, leaving behind slums and deteriorating schools, services, and tax bases 2. Overdevelopment: concentration of people and urban sprawl (big and congested cities) A. Economic growth in post industrial nations lure individuals in search of opportunities for a better life and even just for enjoyment. As cities become overcrowded, population growth outpaces the capacity of local governments to maintain adequate police and fire protection, sanitation, schools, hospitals, streets, parks, and other amenities B. Other problems associated with overcrowding: traffic, air and noise pollution, crime, juvenile delinquency, drug abuse, high divorce rates, homelessness, and various stress related problems that worsen all other problems C. Immigration: rise of xenophobia and tensions between natives and immigrants. Influx of illegal immigrants is costly for governments, disruptive for communities, and potentially destabilizing. People are more likely to resent foreigners when they already feel cramped for space or squeezed for jobs. D. Postindustrial socieites have failed to solve the economic problems associated with the capitalist business cycle= job crunch. Inflation rates, lay offs, unemployment, and labor unrest = decreasing confidence in the government E. Postinudstrial nations face policy problems arising from past economicc and technological successes: societies change and new circumstances can and often giver rise to new political forces i. Environmental threats giver rise to new policy problems
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