Abnormal Psych - Final Study Guide

Loose associations or derailment most common formal

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Loose associations or derailment (most common formal thought disorder, rapid shift  from one topic to another, believing that their incoherent statements make sense Heightened perceptions and hallucination  People feel like they are being flooded with sights and sounds that surround them Problems with attention Hallucinations are very common, primarily auditory Negative Symptoms
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Chapter 14 02:31 Those that seem to be “pathological deficits,” characteristics that are lacking in an  individual Poverty of Speech Alogia – a reduction in speech or speech content Blunted and Flat Affect Blunted affect – show less anger, sadness, joy and other feelings that most people  people Flat affect – no emotion at all Poor eye contact and monotone voice Loss of Volition Avolition – feeling drained of energy and of interest in normal goals and unable to start  or follow through on a course of action Social Withdrawal Withdrawal leads to a break down of social skills  typical age of onset Late teens to mid-30’s biological contributions including abnormal brain structures Genetic factor More common among relatives Twins have an increase in likeliness  Abnormal Brain structures Enlarged ventricles 
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Chapter 14 02:31 know the definitions of brief  Brief psychotic disorder Various psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech,  flat or inappropriate affect and catatonia Less that 6 months  schizophreniform disorder Various psychotic symptom such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, flat  or inappropriate affect and catatonia 1 to 6 months schizoaffective disorder Marked symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder 6 months or more Delusional disorder Persistent delusions that are not bizarre and not due to schizophrenia; persecutory,  jealous, grandiose, and somatic delusions are common 1 month or more the validity of the schizophrenigenic mother concept  The theory that mothers who are cold and unresponsive to their children’s needs make  their children more prone to develop schizophrenic characteristics/disorder Most psychodynamic theorist now reject this theory the double bind hypothesis.,
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Chapter 15 02:31 importance of antipsychotic drugs
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Chapter 15 02:31 Reduce the symptoms of atleast 65% of patients Drugs seem to be the most effective treatment of schizophrenia Most improvement in the first 6 months but relapse is highly likely if meds are stopped Reduce the positive symptoms(hallucinations and delusions) faster that the negative  (Flat affect, poverty of speech, and loss of volition common negative side effects of antipsychotic drugs Parkinsonian and related symptoms Muscle tremors and muscle rigidity  Great restlessness and discomfort of limbs
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