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The conflict paradigm introduced by karl marx assumes

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The conflict paradigm, introduced by Karl Marx, assumes that society consists of strugglesbetween dominant and subordinate socialgroups andthat this conflict generates socialchange.In the past, few Gerontologists used the conflict perspective in their work.Currently, there isgreater interest in this approach as researchers consider issues relatedto age and social inequality: for example, poverty later in life , the multiple disadvantagesfacing older ethnic andIndigenous peoples, the ideology of aging as a social problem, andpensions and policies.Level of analysis tends to be macro-orientedExamplePolitical Economy TheoryThe political economy of aging is a critical approach that argues that dependency andlower social status in old age are the result of socio-political and economic factors ( thatare rooted in capitalism). This causes problems for older people. For example, olderworkers may be viewed by managers as slower and weaker and less useful to industry asthey age andcompanies tend to fire, force retirement and replace them with youngerworkers. (Estes, 2001)Moral economy theory- looks at the shared moral assumptionsof people in society- shape belief in thelegitimacy of certain societal practices and policiesIt developedfrom Political Economy Theory. From a social gerontology perspective it isconcerned with the social consensus that underliesissues like justice between generations,pension entitlements, and access to healthcare ( Estes 2001)Feminist ApproachesAssume that society is gendered by natureAssume that society is patriarchal and that gender -based inequalities are created andperpetuated through the patriarchal structureFeminist gerontologists believe that gender is a social organizing principle that defines
social interactions andlife experiences including the experience of agingFurther Developments in Gerontology TheoryConcerned with social inequality and social justiceEmpowerment of older peopleTakes a critical look at aging in societyCritical GerontologyLooks “within” theory and researchThe role of critical gerontology is to “cast a critical eye on society and the field ofgerontology itself ” (Ray 2008).Look at the shared moral assumptions held by members of a society.Intersectionality TheoryIntersectionality is a theoretical lens for understanding how aspects of a person's social andpolitical identities combine to create different forms of discrimination and privilege. The term was firstintroduced by KimberléWilliams Crenshaw in a paper in 1989.This theory contends that privilege and disadvantage needs to be examined at the intersections of majorsystems of inequality embedded in society along age, gender, sexuality, social class, race, and ethnicitylines Intersectionality can be seen to have linkages to several prior theories, including interactionist andconflict theories, as well as life-course theory, postmodernism, political economy, feminist gerontology,and critical gerontology. Researchers employing this approach attempt to unravel multiple complexlayers of inequality as experienced by individuals typically experiencing marginalization, subjugation,or other forms of discrimination in society (Wister 2019).

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Term
Fall
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Tags
Demography, Test, Demographic economics

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