Chapter 11 - Solution Manual

Take more fuel is a purchased option that is combined

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take more fuel is a purchased option that is combined with the forward contract in a single supply contract. Typically, the option to take additional fuel is built into the contract to ensure that the buyer has a supply of fuel to produce the electricity during peak demands; however, the buyer may have the ability to sell to third parties the additional fuel purchased through exercise of the purchased option. Due to the difficulty in estimating peak electricity load and thus the amount of fuel needed to generate the required electricity, those fuel supply contracts are common in the electric utility industry (though similar supply contracts may exist in other industries). 55-25Those fuel supply contracts are not requirements contracts that are addressed in paragraphs 815- 10-55-5 through 55-7. Many of those contracts meet the definition of a derivative instrument because they have a notional amount and an underlying, require no or a smaller initial net investment, and provide for net settlement (for example, through their default provisions or by requiring delivery of an asset that is readily convertible to cash). The fuel supply contract cannot qualify for the normal purchases and normal sales exception because of the optionality regarding the quantity of fuel to be delivered under the contract.
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240 55-26An entity shall not bifurcate the forward contract component and the option component of a fuel supply contract that in its entirety meets the definition of a derivative instrument and then assert that the forward contract component is eligible to qualify for the normal purchases and normal sales exception. 55-27An entity may wish to enter into two separate contracts—a forward contract and an option—that economically achieve the same results as the single derivative instrument and determine whether the normal purchases and normal sales scope exception (as discussed beginning in paragraph 815-10-15-22) applies to the separate forward contract. 55-28Similar to the contractual options discussed in Example 10 (see paragraph 815-10-55-121), this guidance addresses option components that would require delivery of the related asset at an established price under the contract. 55-29If the option component does not provide any benefit to the holder beyond the assurance of a guaranteed supply of the underlying commodity for use in the normal course of business and that option component only permits the holder to purchase additional quantities at the market price at the date of delivery (that is, that option component will always have a fair value of zero), that option component would not require delivery of the related asset at an established price under the contract. 55-30If an entity’s single supply contract included at its inception both a forward contract and an option and, in subsequent renegotiations, that contract is negated and replaced by two separate contracts (a forward contract for a specific quantity that will be purchased and an option for additional quantities
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