A legislative who has the power to pardon those

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a. legislative Who has the power to pardon those sentenced to serve time prison? b. governors Sentencing is a ____________ decision-making process. c. joint A law on the books approach to mandatory minimum sentences stresses ____________ of punishment,
whereas a law in action approach stresses ____________ by discretion.
Which punishment philosophy stresses the concepts of severity, certainty, and celerity?
The main objective of changes in sentencing structure beginning in the late 1960s was a reduction in ____________ in sentencing.
Which group represents the five major sentencing philosophies?
The U.S. Supreme Court and most state high courts of last resort have largely ____________.
Which court is seen as more conservative with rulings that cut back on abortion rights, condoned mandatory drug testing, and permitted capital punishment for juveniles and developmentally impaired persons who were convicted of murder?
The leading causes of ____________ include mistaken identifications, improper forensic evidence, false confessions, unreliable informants, tunnel vision and misconduct by justice professionals, and inadequate defense representation.
Postconviction reviews are termed collateral attacks because they are attempts to ____________.
If a defendant convicted in a U.S. circuit court files for an appeal, which type of court has jurisdiction?
A defendant has been acquitted by a jury of charges filed against him by the state. The prosecution subsequently discovers incriminating evidence that was not presented during the trial. The prosecutor decides to recharge the individual with the crime. However, the court denies the motion for a new trial. Under what rules is the judge basing the denial?
During trial, attorneys must make timely objections to the judge's rulings on points of law or the objections will be deemed waived. This is known as which of the following?
A defendant who makes a guilty plea on a felony charge, therefore accepting the sentence recommended by the prosecutor, subsequently requests an appeal. The appeal is based upon the failure of the court to inquire as to whether the plea was voluntary. In this example, the error is subject to which type of test?
Which of the following terms refers to the movement in the state supreme courts to reinvigorate state constitutions as sources of individual rights over and above the rights granted by the U.S. Constitution?
How does the role of the appellate court differ from the trial court?

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