The U.S. Supreme Court and most state high courts of last resort have largely ____________.
Which court is seen as more conservative with rulings that cut back on abortion rights, condoned
mandatory drug testing, and permitted capital punishment for juveniles and developmentally impaired
persons who were convicted of murder?
The leading causes of ____________ include mistaken identifications, improper forensic evidence, false
confessions, unreliable informants, tunnel vision and misconduct by justice professionals, and
inadequate defense representation.
Postconviction reviews are termed collateral attacks because they are attempts to ____________.
If a defendant convicted in a U.S. circuit court files for an appeal, which type of court has jurisdiction?
A defendant has been acquitted by a jury of charges filed against him by the state. The prosecution
subsequently discovers incriminating evidence that was not presented during the trial. The prosecutor
decides to recharge the individual with the crime. However, the court denies the motion for a new trial.
Under what rules is the judge basing the denial?
During trial, attorneys must make timely objections to the judge's rulings on points of law or the
objections will be deemed waived. This is known as which of the following?
A defendant who makes a guilty plea on a felony charge, therefore accepting the sentence
recommended by the prosecutor, subsequently requests an appeal. The appeal is based upon the failure
of the court to inquire as to whether the plea was voluntary. In this example, the error is subject to
which type of test?
Which of the following terms refers to the movement in the state supreme courts to reinvigorate state
constitutions as sources of individual rights over and above the rights granted by the U.S. Constitution?
How does the role of the appellate court differ from the trial court?