Flood flood notes that the predominance of aryan

Info icon This preview shows pages 18–31. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
(Flood)
Image of page 18

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Flood notes that the “predominance of Aryan culture over Dravidian culture is not disputed” The dominant narrative has the Dravidian people “subjugated by means of superior war technology ” – notably the horse and chariot
Image of page 19
The Aryans then “spread over the northern plains and, some time after 1000 BC, reached the Ganges region This became the “‘ Aryan homeland ’” ( aryavarta ) Sanskrit arya = “ noble ” people
Image of page 20

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
“Knowledge of the Aryans comes mostly from their sacred text the Rg Veda Samhita , the earliest literature of Hinduism” (c. 1200 BC?) The Veda (‘Knowledge’) is often considered a “timeless revelation ( sruti ) not of human authorship received by the ancient seers ( rsi )” Transmitted orally (Vedic Sanskrit), written down “some thousand years after its composition” (Flood)
Image of page 21
The “ primary function ” of the Veda “is a ritual one” The “ central religious practice of the vedic Aryans was sacrifice (ed. public and domestic) and sharing of the sacrificial meal with each other and with the many supernatural beings or devas A variety of “ritual substances would be transported through…fire to… devas
Image of page 22

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A rough categorization of the Veda: 1) Rg Veda: “a collection ( samhita )…of 1028 hymns to various deities ” (c. 1200 BC?) 2) Brahmanas : “texts describing rules for ritual and explanation about…its meaning and purpose ” (c. 1000 -800 BC?) 3) Upanisads : explain “the true nature and meaning of ritual” (c. 600 -300 BC?) (Flood)
Image of page 23
Other (later) texts not considered revelation (sruti) but “of human authorship”–“secondary or indirect revelation” (smrti) Puranas: “stories of the ancient past” dealing with people and gods oral traditions established by (c. 320-500 CE) The Ramayana and Mahabarata: epic poems “established” by 1 st century CE roots much older (Flood)
Image of page 24

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
As with many other traditions, we have myths here which complement, overlap with, and even contradict each other We should be wary of applying our modern expectations of logic to ancient traditions
Image of page 25
In the Rg Veda we have hints of two important gods from ages past: Dyaus Patir and Prithivi Mata Williams writes that “their time of honor was already over and their myths were not even retold
Image of page 26

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Based on the name - Dyaus Patir what can you deduce about the first god?
Image of page 27
The “ celestia1 nature ” of Indo -European gods is suggested by terms such as “ deiwos (“ god ”), which is a derivative of “ dyeu ” (“sky, day”), and “ dyeus phater ” (“sky father”) Dyaus Patir is thus etymologically connected with Zeus and his Roman equivalent, Jupiter
Image of page 28

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Dyaus Patir is a faint echo of the Indo- European “sky father”: Dyaus , King, Begetter, raining down blessings” We have here imagery of a male sky divinity pouring down his seed
Image of page 29
While Zeus is etymologically associated with Dyaus Pitar, it was Ouranos who fulfilled the “sky father” function in Greek myth Sky (male) and Earth (female) commonly paired as a reproductive, generative system Ouranos desired “ unremitting intercourse with the Earth (Gaia)
Image of page 30

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 31
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern