Operationalization the process of assigning a precise

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Operationalization- the process of assigning a precise method of measuring a term being examined for use in a particular study o Validity-the extent to which an instrument measures what it is intended to measure o Reliability-likelihood of obtaining consistent results using the same measure o Generalizability- the extent to which we can claim our findings inform us about a group larger than the one we studied o Reflexitivity- analyzing and critically considering our own role in, and affect on, our research o Feminist methodology- a set of systems ot methods that trest women’s experiences as legitimate empricial and theoretical resources, that promote social science FOR women (think public sociology, but for a specific half of the public) and that take into the researcher as much as the overt subject matter o Participant observation- a qualitative research method that seeks to observe social actions in practice o Surveys- an ordered series of questions intended to elicit information from respondents o Historical methods: research that collects data from written reports, newspaper articles, jounrlas, transcripts, television programs, diaries, artwork, and other artifacts that date to a prior time period under study o Comparative research: a methodology by which two or more entities (such as countries) which are similar in many dimensions but differ on one in question, are compared to learn about the dimension that differs between them o Experimental methods: methods that seek to alter the social landscape in a very specific way for a given sample of individuals and then track what results that
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change yields; often involve comparisons to a control group that did not experience such an intervention o Content analysis: a systematic analysis of the content rather than the structure of a communication, such as a written work, speech, or film o Public sociology: the practice of sociological research, teaching, and academic audience for a normative, productive end o
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