On the philippine islands a spanish colony thousands

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on the Philippine Islands, a Spanish colony thousands of miles away inthe Pacific. Unprepared for a war on two fronts, the Spanish militaryquickly collapsed.In 1901, Cuba became an independent nation, at least in name. How-ever, the United States installed a military government and continuedto exert control over Cuban affairs. This caused tremendous resentmentamong many Cubans, who had assumed that the United States’ aim inBIOGRAPHYThe Age of Imperialism705
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ManilaLuzonMindanaoSouthChinaSeaPACIFICOCEANApril25April30,1898May1,1898Hong Kong(Br.)ManilaLuzonMindanaoMindoroNegrosPalawanSamarPanayPHILIPPINEISLANDS20°N120°EU.S. forcesBattleFLORIDATampaHavanaSantiagoC a r i b b e a n S e aATLANTICOCEANJune14July1,1898May,1898TampaHavanaSantiagoBAHAMAS(Br.)CUBADOMINICANREPUBLICHAITIJAMAICA(Br.)PUERTORICOFLORIDA20°N80°WU.S. forcesU.S. blockadeSpanish forcesBattle0400 mi2000800 km4000400 mi2000800 km400NSWENSWEInterpret Maps1. LocationWhere is Cuba located in relation to the United States?2. PlaceIn the war, the United States launched its first attack against the PhilippineIslands. Why might this have surprised the Spanish?intervening was to help Cuba become truly independent. The split thatdeveloped between the United States and Cuba at this time continues tokeep these close neighbors miles apart more than a century later.Connecting the OceansAfter Spain’s defeat in the Spanish-AmericanWar, the United States was the dominant imperial power in Latin Americaand next set its sights on Panama. Latin Americans were beginning toregard the United States as the political and economic “Colossus of theNorth.” The United States was a colossus in geographic terms, too. By the1870s, the transcontinental railroad connected its east and west coasts.But land travel still was time consuming and difficult. And sea travelbetween the coasts involved a trip of about 13,000 miles around the tip ofSouth America. If a canal could be dug across a narrow section of CentralAmerica, however, the coast-to-coast journey would be cut in half.The United States had been thinking about such a project since theearly 19th century. In the 1880s, a French company tried—but failed—tobuild a canal across Panama. Despite this failure, Americans remainedenthusiastic about the canal. And no one was more enthusiastic thanPresident Theodore Roosevelt, who led the nation from 1901 to 1909. In1903, Panama was a province of Colombia. Roosevelt offered that coun-try $10 million plus a yearly payment for the right to build a canal. WhenExplore ONLINE!Explore ONLINE!The Spanish-American War,1898: the CaribbeanThe Spanish-American War,1898: the PhilippinesModule 17706
the Colombian government demanded more money, the United Statesresponded by encouraging a revolution in Panama. The Panamanians hadbeen trying to break away from Colombia for almost a century. In 1903,with help from the United States Navy, they won their country’s indepen-dence. In gratitude, Panama gave the United States a ten-mile-wide zone inwhich to build a canal.For the next decade, American engineers contended with floods and

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Term
Winter
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Donavon
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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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